Exposure to short term and long term memory

Topics: Short-term memory, Long-term memory, Memory Pages: 7 (1894 words) Published: March 26, 2014
Investigation into the exposure to short term and long term memory and the differences between both.
That there will be a difference between short term and long term memory to exposure and that there will be misread information. Abstract

The aim and hypothesis of this study states there will be a difference between exposure to short term memory in comparison to long term memory. To proceed with the investigation the experimenters (students in this case) would have to decide on the participants they want to participate in the study, the age of the participants and come up with a way to approach them ( in this case one of the experimenters asking for the time). This group of experimenters broke up into 2 groups. Condition A (short term) and Condition B (long term). The Age range used by the experimenters was 20’s-50’s. To collect a fair evaluation of the reactions of the public to short term ( the time) and long term (directions) memory the groups would have to make sure to collect data is in separate places, having a designated experimenter asking questions (time and directions) and another experimenter at the ready to catch the participant to ask questions about the physical appearance of the first experimenter, this person also takes down the information (Data) on a chart with clip board. The group of experimenters found that the public (participants) in condition A (short term) as a whole, remembered more about the experimenter asking the time in comparison to the participants in Condition B (long term), answering about the experimenter asking for directions, although she spent more time with the participants. This was very interesting for the experimenters. The group of experimenters (students) thought that this might have been because the participants on Condition B were so concentrated on getting the directions right that they didn’t actually stop and look at the experimenter asking for directions.

The students’ experiments in this study ‘Exposure to short term and long term memory’ an investigation the exposure to short term in comparison to long term memory. The students found that there was a definite difference between short term memory of participants compared with long term memory of participants. There was also a difference the experimenters picked up on, which was the memory of the older participants to the younger ones. It seemed to be that they younger adult although didn’t get everything right, remember a lot more to the older adult participants of this study. Another study the students found that related to their study of the Exposure to short term and long term memory was ‘Assessing the associative deficit of older adult in long-term and short-term/working memory (Chen & Naveh-Benjamin, 2012). This study refers to, to the fact that older adults have a definite decline in relation to long term memory in comparison to young adults. This could be because older adults may have more things on their minds the group of student experiments thought, for example work or their children. There was three experiments in this study that showed that showed that in all the experiments young adults retained more. The first experiment participants had to be tested on items and associated recognition memory to long term and short term retention. It was shown that older adults has associative deficit in both short term and long term memory intervals. In experiment 3, was recorded and both simultaneous and sequential conditions and it was evident that there was a significant downfall on short term/working memory. This is similar to the student experimenters’ study, as they also saw a difference between young and older adults memory.


Design: The experimenters of 5/6 broke up into 2, Condition (A) and Condition (B) to unsure that the study was done faster and accurately (no chance of bumping into the same participants). Assigning two completely...

References: Atkinson, R.C., & Shiffrin, R.M. ( 1968). Human memory: A proposed system and its control processes. In K. W.Spence & J.T.Spence ( Eds.) , The psychology of learning and motivation ( Vol. 2, (pp. 89– 195). New York: Academic Press.
Bastin, C., & Van der Linden, M. ( 2005). The effects of aging on the recognition of different types of associations. Experimental Aging Research, 32, 61– 77
Frick, R.W. ( 1985). Testing visual short-term memory: Simultaneous versus sequential presentations. Memory & Cognition, 13, 346– 356.
Jones, W. P., & Anderson, J. R. ( 1982). Semantic categorization and high-speed scanning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 8, 237– 242.
Naveh-Benjamin, M., Brav, T. K., & Levy, O. ( 2007). The associative memory deficit of older adults: The role of strategy utilization. Psychology and Aging, 22, 202– 208.
Emma G
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