explore models of disability

Topics: Disability, Wheelchair, Developmental disability Pages: 4 (1039 words) Published: January 21, 2014
Evidence ref: 3
i) Observed by assessor
ii) Witness Testimony
iii) Expert Witness Testimony
iv) Candidate account X
v) Oral/Written Questions
vi) Professional Discussion

Candidate name

Ref to Unit and Criteria
Performance Evidence: Explore Models of Disability

Date of activity: 12th October 2013

Ref to other units


58, 1.3






Examples of some theoretical models of disability are as follows;

The medical model: is presented as viewing disability as a problem of the person, directly caused by disease, trauma, or other health condition which therefore requires sustained medical care provided in the form of individual treatment by professionals. In the medical model, management of the disability is aimed at a "cure," or the individual’s adjustment and behavioral change that would lead to an "almost-cure" or effective cure. In the medical model, medical care is viewed as the main issue. The Social Model : The social model of disability sees the issue of "disability" as a socially created problem and a matter of the full integration of individuals into society. In this model, disability is not an attribute of an individual, but rather a complex collection of conditions, many of which are created by the social environment. Hence, the management of the problem requires social action and is the collective responsibility of society at large to make the environmental modifications necessary for the full participation of people with disabilities in all areas of social life. The issue is both cultural and ideological, requiring individual, community, and large-scale social change. From this perspective, equal access for someone with an impairment/disability is a...
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