The 'models' of disability
What is Disability? As there are so many models all around the world. We cannot tell you what exactly disability is. However, among those models
, there are two distinct models, the medical model and the social model. And I will introduce them one by one
First, let’s take a look at this video
The medical model would suggest that this is because of the wheelchair, rather than the steps. However, the Social model would suggest steps as the disabling barrier, it is society disable people
Medical model of disability
1. The medical model of disability sees the disable person as the problem, and the solution is making the person become ‘normal’
2. This model focuses on the lack of physical or mental functioning and uses a clinical way of describing an individual’s disability.
3. Difficulties associated with the disability should be borne wholly by the disabled person and the disability sees as a “Personal Tragedy”
4. The disabled person should make extra effort to ensure that they adapted to fit into the majority. Otherwise, they may be exclude from the society
Examples of a medical model approach
1. A course leader who refuses to produce a hand-out in a larger font for a visually impaired student. The student cannot therefore participate in the class discussion.
2. A member of staff who refuses to make available a copy of a PowerPoint presentation before a lecture. This creates a barrier to learning for the dyslexic students in the group who are likely to have a slower processing and writing speed and who will struggle to understand and record the key points.
3. A Students’ Union society that organizes an event that is not accessible to disabled members.
Typical definitions based on medical model historically offered by the World Health Organization (WHO)
In last decade, medical model is the most dominant model to describe what disability is. Even WHO, the world most