The explanations offered in Moral Philosophy, for one of the dilemmas of life and death, which is the euthanasia or mercy killing. This paper attests euthanasia as extremely sensitive matter in public issue as life being a sacred value in this world. Religious argument will be running on this bundle of knowledge – Euthanasia is against the word and will of God. The paper argued the morality and immorality of the subject, leaving euthanasia as a hard moral judgment. This paper enlightens us to various religious perspectives. Like the Christians, majority of them are against euthanasia. The settings will be based on the point of view that life is given by God. God has made man therefore man is sacred. Because of this, the statement no one can claim other’s life has been emphasized. They don’t have the rights to do so even though the patient wants death. It lay out that Euthanasia is a negative subject as John Paul II stated that euthanasia is a grave violation of the law of God referring to one of the ten commandments of God, “Thou shall not kill”.
Some of the insight for this paper came from the articles by James Rachels, The Elements of Moral Philosophy, Sixth Edition (2010). The first part of the article elaborates the Moral Philosophy itself giving some examples like Baby Theresa, Jodie and Mary and Tracy Latimer. These examples bring out the feeling of moral seriousness to everyone and argue a lot of argument morally.
In a 1993 opinion poll carried out for the VES by NOP, most religious people who were surveyed were in favor of medical aid in dying. Whilst, 93% of people without religious belief supported this, 83% of Protestants, 73% of Roman Catholics and 60 % of Jews were also in favor, Roman Catholic stay as firm and strongest opponent. INTRODUCTION
Life is the most mysterious thing in this word, a one of a kind. The verity that we can think, breathe the air, can feel emotions are parts of this mystery. But this mystery enables us to live the life in various ways and fill up what’s empty. According to William Wallace, “Every man dies. Not every man really lives.” We are all going to die by natural process of death. Thirty to fifty years from now, what’s the difference? We all have one end, and that’s death. But not everyone has a chance to live. Not everyone has a chance to experience the quality of life. To live is a gift. Based on these statements, if its truth that not everyone can live, why there are individuals who want to claim their lives? There are instances people decide to claim other lives end their pain. The act of killing or permitting someone’s dead in order to end his suffering is called Mercy Killing or in broader term, Euthanasia. Euthanasia is originated from Greek word euthanos, which literally means “well-death” or “gentle-death”. It is never right for anyone to inflict death on another person. Section 14 of the criminal code states: No person is entitled to consent to have death inflicted on him, and such consent does not affect the criminal responsibility of any person by whom death may be inflicted on the person by whom consent is given. (Eckstein, 2)
As mentioned, Euthanasia is against the word and will of God. Religious people don’t claim that human can’t kill themselves or to kill others since human has the power to do whatever they want. It is what we called free will which is given to us by God which imposes certain limits. The arguments in this scenario is that it is wrong to kill oneself since it is against the Divine and human law. Killing is to neglect God and his words and will over human’s life. Although Euthanasia is serious ethical issue against God’s will and word, it still have the advantages which the Euthanasia advocates overlook for. Advantages:
Painless and quick death
Relieve mental suffering from the patient and relatives
Organs can be put to good use
However, Euthanasia itself has the negative outcome of practicing it....
References: 1. James Rachels. The Elements of Moral Philosophy, Sixth Edition, 2010.
2. Daniel Bonevac. Today’s Moral Issue, Classic and Contemporary Perspectives, Fourth Edition.
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