Have you ever wanted to travel the world and see the most significant structures that our world has to offer? Since the beginning of time, man hasn’t stopped looking for ways on developing the human’s passion to create the most innovative and revolutionary masterpieces of all time. There are a lot of places to visit that will surely make one’s trip worthwhile. One of the utmost places to plan a trip to is the city of romance, Paris. There are many beautiful attractions to be seen there and is one of the most visited countries on the planet. Here people can enjoy the wonders of three of the most famous landmarks and monuments, Notre Dame de Paris, Napoleonic Arc de Triomphe and the renowned Eiffel Tower. “The Eiffel Tower makes no such direct symbolic appeal. Its aesthetic purpose is the structure itself; it is no more than simple beauty in its own right” (Lienhard, 2003). According to Lienhard (2003), the Eiffel Tower signaled the future and a new concept of beauty as it carried a new intimation of a whole new construction, the skyscraper.
History of the Eiffel Tower
The tallest made-made structure in the world, Eiffel tower believe it or not was built for the Universal Exposition in the year 1889 in commemoration of the French Revolution and the birth of democracy. The fair held a contest for the most impressive monument to honor France’s greatness. Lots of designs were submitted but the commissioners already had their eyes on the work of the famous architect, Gustave Eiffel. However, due to controversies about safety due to the design’s mathematical calculations and so over three hundred people signed a protest petition. In addition, others feared that it might overshadow France’s many other landmark such as the Notre Dame. Nevertheless, despite the controversial protests, the monument was built with design features like the guard rails and screens for safety precautions.Gustave Eiffelwas then considered as the most self-made man in the industrial era. At the hike of his private life, his being efficient and economical paved way to his financial success. The Eiffel tower was a design of Alexander Gustave Eiffel with the assistance of engineers Maurice Koechlin and Emile Nouguier, and architect Stephen Sauvestre. “The Eiffel Tower, Gustave’s most famous and least utilitarian project, symbolized for him man's ability to overcome the forces and difficulties that nature and life put in his way” (Hutton, Bourque, & Staples, 1986)According to the same authors (1986), the tower is rich in symbolic meaning. Thus,generally thought of as an unabashed celebration of modern industrial society, it was originally intended as a form of integrative propaganda meant to narrow the gap industrialization had created between workers and the middle classes. The Eiffel Tower was built as the gateway or entrance arch to the World’s Fair.
It was in the year 1900 changed both the function and the symbolic meaning of the tower. “A “vertical bridge” between earth and heaven, the Eiffel Tower is a Promethean challenge to “that old abandoned cathedral to be glimpsed in the pale distance”; a “piece of vainglorious ironwork” (unequincailleriesuperbe), it soars like “a beacon of shipwreck and despair” over the city's poor, who will, in the future as in the present and the past, be “crushed, pounded, kneaded, devoured, vomited, swallowed again, and vomited yet again three score and ten times [jusqu'áseptantefois], ” but should they look toward “that sterile Babel” (Burton, 2001). Additionally, Burton (2001) states that For the French, the Eiffel tower is primarily a symbol of Paris, of the popularity of Paris and of France all overthe world; it is the very image of France to the masses of tourist who flock here. It is alsothe place from which our first radio programmes were broadcast and is still one of ourprincipal transmission centres. This known masterpiece is his most famous design and his most...
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Hutton, P., Bourque, A. and Staples, A. (eds.). (1986). Historical Dictionary of the Third French Republic, 1870-1940.Vol (1).Westport, CT:Greenwood Press.
Lienhard, J. (2003). The Engines of Our Ingenuity: An Engineer Looks at Technology and Culture.New York:Oxford University Press.
Rosenzweig, M., Holtzman, W., Sabourin, M. and Bélanger, D. (2000).History of the International Union of Psychological Science (IUPSYS).Hove, England:Psychology Press.
Ryan, V. (2001). THE EIFFEL TOWER. Retrieved from http://www.technologystudent.com/struct1/eiffel1.htm
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