art history formal analysis Renoir luncheon of the boating party

Topics: Impressionism, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Working class Pages: 13 (4336 words) Published: October 22, 2013
ARTS103OL
Art Appreciation
FORMAL ANALYSIS

FORMAL ANALYSIS of: Luncheon of the Boating Party
By Auguste Renoir

For ARTS103OL Art Appreciation Instructor:

The intent of this paper is to provide a greater understanding of the selected art object. Through objective analysis of the formal elements that make up the art object and considerations of the social and cultural climate in which it was conceived, a greater understanding of the art objects significance will be achieved.

Part II - Identification of the Art Object:
1. Title of the Work: Luncheon of the Boating Party
2. Artist/School: Auguste Renoir/ Impressionist
3. Year or Time Period Completed: 1881
4. Medium/Technique/Process used: Oil on Canvas
5. Size: 51 x 68 in.
6. Where Produced: The balcony of the Maison Fournaise, Chatou, France and nearby studio of Auguste Renoir. 7. Where located/housed: Phillips Memorial Gallery, Washington, DC.

Part III – Objective Description of the Art Objects Subject Matter:
The subject matter of the painting consists of a group of people assembled on an outside deck that has a wooden railing and a red and white striped canopy. The deck is surrounded by marsh grass and some trees with a river visible beyond them. Upon the river a few boats can be seen, one of them a sailboat. In the immediate foreground there’s a square table with a white tablecloth on which rests several empty wine glasses with apparent red wine residue. A few plates are also visible with fluted glasses upon them, discarded morsels of food and silverware can also be seen. A centerpiece dish of fruit composed of Grapes and pears is flanked by several bottles of red wine. A few discarded white cloth napkins have been casually cast among the dishes.

Seated to the left of center at the table in the foreground is a young woman wearing straw hat with a red flowered hat band. She wears a fine black dress with white lace edging at the neck and cuffs, a dark red scarf draped over neck and down the front of the dress. She wears a black choker around her neck. She’s holding a small brown furred dog close to her face from under its forelegs the dog sits upright upon the table facing her. Behind her to the left standing and leaning with his backside against the wooden railing of the deck, his right arm gripping the railing stands a large man, his face in profile as he looks to the right and slightly back. He wears a dome shaped straw hat with the brim curved upwards its edge trimmed in blue. He has close cropped reddish brown hair and has a full beard and mustache of the same color. He wears a white tank top shirt and white pants. To his right along the railing several feet behind the foreground table stands a woman bent forward, her left arm and right elbow resting upon the railing as she faces the table. She wears a straw hat with a blue hat band the brim curved down. Her dresses is off white and trimmed in red that the neck and cuffs. Facing her with his back to the table sits a man wearing a brown suit and a brown and bowler hat. Behind the woman at the railing at the far left corner of the deck facing forward stands a man wearing a brown jacket with a light blue shirt wearing a cap. Facing him standing with his back to the viewer facing left is a man wearing a black overcoat and a black top hat with a beard. In the right foreground seated facing the table on a wooden chair that is turned backward is a man who looks left toward the railing of the deck, his face in profile. He faces the woman seated opposite him who holds the dog. He is wearing a straw hat with a flat top and black hatband its brim turned up at the back. He has brown hair and a light brown short mustache. He wears a white tank top shirt and dark colored pants. His arms rest forward on the reversed chair back; in his right hand he holds a cigarette. To his right seated at the table is a woman wearing a white brimless hat with a few blue stripes. Her dress...

Cited: Eastlake Charles Lock, Materials for a History of oil Painting, Dover Books, 1960, Print.
Oard Brian A, Beauty and Terror, Essays on the Power of Painting, #19.The Lure of Lotus Eating, 2009, Web, April 27th, 2011
Elizabeth, Victoria
Heywood, Colin, The Development of the French Economy, 1750-1914. Cambridge Univ Pr, 1995. Print. 04 March 4th, 2011
Mainardi, Patricia
McPhee, Peter, A Social History of France, 1789-1914. Palgrave MacMillan, 2004. Print. February 30th, 2011
Moffett Charles S, The Boating Party and Other Icons of Impressionism, 1993, Web, April 27th 2011
Plessis, Alain, and Mandelbaum, Jonathan, The Rise and Fall of the Second Empire, 1852-1871, Cambridge University Press, 1988. Print, February 30th, 2011
Sanders Peater, The History, Definitions, and Techniques of Oil Painting, Web, March 23rd 2011
Sterns Peter, and William Leonard, The Encyclopedia of World History: Ancient, Medieval, and Modern, Chronologically Arranged, 6th edition, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2001. Print. February 28th, 2011
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