India became Independent on 15th August, 1947. The first thing to do was to make a Constitution for the country. A Constitution is a documents of rules according to which the Government of a country is run. The Indian Constitution, which stands for national goals like Democracy, Socialism, Secularism and National Integration, was framed by the representatives of Indian people after a long period of debates and discussions. It is the most detailed constitution in the world. No other constitution has gone into such minute details as the Indian Constitution. The Constitution of India was framed by a Constituent Assembly which was established in 1946. Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected President of the Constituent Assembly. A Drafting Committee was appointed to draft the Constitution. Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar was appointed the Chairman of the Drafting Committee. The Assembly met for 166 days spread over a period of 2 years, 11 months and 18 Days. The Constitution was adopted on 26 November, 1949. It came into force on 26 January, 1950. It had incorporated some of the salient features of the British, Irish, Swiss, French, Canadian and the American Constitutions. The New Constitution came into force on 26th January 1950. With it India became a Sovereign, Socialist, Secular and Democratic Republic. Every year on 26th January, we celebrate our Republic Day with great pomp and show. The Constitution of India begins with a Preamble which contains the basic ideals and principles of the Constitution. It lays down the objectives of the frames of the Constitution. The Constitution contains 395-Articles and 12 Schedules. A number of amendment passed have also become a part of this Constitution. According to our Constitution, India is a Democratic Republic. The real power rests with the people. The Government of the country is run by the elected representatives of the people. India is a Republic. It means we have no king. The President or the Rashtrapati is the...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document