essay 1

Topics: World War II, World War I, Fascism Pages: 8 (1638 words) Published: March 27, 2014
Global Interrelatedness
Discuss the state of global interrelatedness as it evolved from 1914 to 1945. What were the most significant changes? Was global interrelatedness tightening or loosening in this period? •The world is becoming more interrelated

oMobilization
oTechnology
oWars
During this period the interrelatedness was tightening
oDuring the industrial revolution, communication increased, and because of technology, communication increased •Whether good or bad
oIt tightened when countries started to try import industry industrialization, but when that did not work, it loosened again • Colonies and great powers
Identity Politics
What are the most important identity issues of the early twentieth century? For the sake of argument, pick one -- gender, race, anti-colonial nationalism -- and make your case that what was and was not accomplished in terms of that issue make it especially important in this period (roughly 1914-1945). •Gender

oExamples of mistreatment
Aba Women’s War in Nigeria
Rape of Nanjing in China
oExamples of accomplishment
WWI
WWII (more so)
After 1914, women were given the right to vote in many countries •In the 1920s, women were given more education about their reproductive freedoms from Margaret Sanger Mass Mobilization
How has the idea of mass mobilization shaped our world? What is mass mobilization? [Describe not only its impact on a specific event or time period, but also how it is created and successfully or unsuccessfully employed.] •Industrial revolution brought people together by making a working class •Political revolution made people citizens, rather than subjects – they had political rights and duties for their nation •The education system molded and motivated people

Mass consumption and media interlinked people globally
Definition: mobilization of the civilian population on behalf of a government stance •Impact during WWII
oWomen were working in America and obtaining occupational jobs oSo many men were taken from their countries to fight on the home front, that there was high demand for employment •Making uniforms

Producing tanks/planes/weapons
Being a nurse
Also basic jobs that only men held before
Technology versus Nature
What were the most important developments in science and technology between 1914 and 1945? To what extent had they created concern about human-induced environmental impacts or the sustainability of productive processes? •Most important developments

oAtomic bomb
oWeapons
oHenry Ford’s model T → helpful during the dust bowl
oIndustrial revolution
Concern about impact/sustainability
oDuring WWI, core powers used their advance technology to turn on each other by making products with the intention of destruction oWWII ended with the atomic bomb: massive destruction
World War I
Discuss World War I as a global crisis. What were the causes of the war? What were the post-war implications of the war’s global impact? •Global
oCore powers used their colonies for manpower
Causes
oAssassination of Archduke Ferdinand, heir to the Austrian throne oTreaties for alliances
Post war implication
oLeague of nations + Wilson’s 14 points – self determination oNationalism in the colonies
oMandates for countries “not ready to stand themselves” oGermany was punished
oOttoman Empire broke apart as well as Austria-Hungary
oMarxism in Russia
oPolitical: nationalism
oEconomic: shortages and inflation
oMedical: disease
oPsychological: whites died just like blacks
How did the development of modern technology affect World War I? •Industrialization for destruction: core powers used technology on each other oGases, planes
Revolution; Ideology
How did post-World War I revolutionary tactics differ between the Soviet Union, Mexico, India, and/or China? •Soviet Union
oInept authoritarianism – large gap between privileged and unprivileged oSocioeconomic backwardness – large...
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