The development of the arms race served as a stabilising factor in superpower relations particularly with the revision on MAD in the period 194662. How far do you agree?
The development of the arms race can be argued to a be stabilising as a stabilising factor in the relations of the superpower nations but there is evidence that is substantial evidence that it was a significant factor that served as a destabilising factor. For instance the Berlin Crisis, the Korean War and Cuban Missile crisis. This demonstrates the instability of the period. During this period the tensions between the superpowers increased and decreased as a result of factors such as the balance of military power and better relations they created with each other. So although the superpower relations had been destabilised by the end of the period, through the period there was not always growing tensions.
Firstly between the period 1949 and 1953 the balance of military power between the superpowers brought a sense of stability. An example how the balance of military power stabilised a situation is the Berlin crisis of 19481949. As the Soviet’s knew that they were capable of being able to invade western Berlin and capturing it but they also knew that if they did this threat of nuclear attack from the US would be inevitable as they had sent B29 bombers to the UK which were capable of reaching the soviet sector. This therefore meant that Stalin did not take action against the Western Sector because he did not want nuclear retaliation, showing when balance of power occurred it was stabilising.Another example of how the balance of military power can be stabilising is the testing of the Soviets first atomic bomb in 1949, this was stabilising at the time because of the Korean War was taking place and it brought nuclear balance of terror between the superpowers. Nuclear balance of terror ...
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