Erik Erikson psychosocial stag
Erik Erikson stated that humans developed throughout their lifespan and looked at identity crises as the main focal point of each stage of human development. Upon this belief, he developed eight psychosocial stages that individuals would encounter throughout their lifetime, of which has two possible outcomes. Once each stage is successfully completed, this will result in a healthy personality and healthy interactions with others. However failure to complete a stage can result in reduced ability to complete further stages and therefore lead to an unhealthy personality and a sense of self. The first stage Trust versus Mistrust: Birth- 1 year.
According to Erikson in this stage the child will developed a sense of basic trust in the world and in his ability to affect events around him. The development of this stage highly depends on the consistency of the caregiver. He claimed if the infant who gets feed when it’s hungry and comforted when it’s needs comforting will develop a sense of trust which it will carry into other relationships and better able to handle life challenges. Success in this stage will lead to hope. However he noted that if mistrust wins over in this stage for whatever reason the child can develop a sense of mistrust, lack of confidence and a tendency to show frustration.
The second stage: autonomy versus shame & doubt: 1- 2years.
The child is developing physically and begins to assert their independence by walking away from their mother, picking which toy they want to play with and making choices about what they want to wear. Erikson believed that during this stage parents need the support and encourages the child to become more independent whilst at same time protecting the child so that constant failure is avoided. They must create a supportive atmosphere in which the child can developed a sense of self control without the loss self-esteem. A delicate balance is required from the parent. If the child...
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