Education in Emerging India Meaning of education
1.Education in its general sense is a form of learning in which the knowledge, skills, and habits of a group of people are transferred from one generation to the next through teaching, training, or research. Education frequently takes place under the guidance of others, but may also be autodidactic. Any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts may be considered educational. Education is commonly divided into stages such as preschool, primary school, secondary school and then college, university or apprenticeship. 2. (by j.parankimalil) Education is a systematic process through which a child or an adult acquires knowledge, experience, skill and sound attitude. It makes an individual civilized, refined, cultured and educated. For a civilized and socialized society, education is the only means. Its goal is to make an individual perfect. Every society gives importance to education because it is a panacea for all evils. It is the key to solve the various problems of life. DEFINITIONS
Since time immemorial, education is estimated as the right road to progress and prosperity. Different educationists’ thoughts from both Eastern and Western side have explained the term ‘education’ according to the need of the hour. Various educationists have given their views on education. Some important definitions are: 1. Mahatma Gandhi – “By education I mean an all-round drawing out of the best in man – body, mind and spirit.” 2. Rabindranath Tagore – “Education enables the mind to find out the ultimate truth, which gives us the wealth of inner light and love and gives significance to life.” 3. Dr. Zakir Husain – “Education is the process of the individual mind, getting to its full possible development.” 4. Swami Vivekananda – “Education is the manifestation of divine perfection already existing in man.” 5. Aristotle - “Education is the creation of sound mind in a sound body.” 6. Rousseau - “Education is the child’s development from within.” 7. Herbert Spencer- “Education is complete living.”
8. Plato – “Education is the capacity to feel pleasure and pain at the right moment.” 9. Aristotle – “Education is the creation of a sound mind in a sound body.” 10. Pestalozzi – “Education is natural, harmonious and progressive development of man’s innate powers.” 11. Froebel -“Education is enfoldment of what is already enfolded in the germ.” 12. T.P. Nunn - “Education is the complete development of the individuality of the child.” 13. John Dewey – “Education is the process of living through a continuous reconstruction of experiences.” 14. Indira Gandhi – “Education is a liberating force and in our age it is also a democratizing force, cutting across the barriers of caste and class, smoothing out inequalities imposed by birth and other circumstances.” John Locke said, “Plants are developed by cultivation and men by education”. This world would have been enveloped in intellectual darkness if it had not been illuminated by the light of education. It is right to say that the story of civilization is the story of education. Thus, education is an integral part of human life. It is the basic condition for a development of a whole man and vital instrument For accelerating the wellbeing and prosperity by the light of education. NATURE OF EDUCATION
As is the meaning of education, so is its nature. It is very complex. Let us now discuss the nature of education: 1. Education is a life-long process- Education is a continuous and lifelong process. It starts from the womb of the mother and continues till death. It is the process of development from infancy to maturity. It includes the effect of everything which influences human personality. 2. Education is a systematic process- It refers to transact its activities through a systematic institution and regulation. 3. Education is development of individual and the society- It...
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