Drug Cartels in Mexico

Topics: Mexican Drug War, Sinaloa Cartel, Mexico Pages: 6 (2243 words) Published: April 29, 2012
The Mexican drug cartels have been a cancer that has grown through out Mexico. Influenced by Colombian cartels, such as the Pablo Escobar’s Medellin and the Cali Cartel. In 2008, over 5,600 people were killed in Mexico; many were torture/or beheaded (Hixson, 2009). It has stretched from the border town of Tijuana all the way to the beaches of Cancun. Many people have been robbed, tortured, kidnapped, injured, and murdered through out the domestic drug war that is going on in Mexico. Police officers have been known to take bribes from different drug traffickers, which has given more power to the drug cartels. Even some politicians have been accused of being backed by particular cartels. Felipe Calderon, Mexico’s current President has taken many tactics from Colombian government to stop the drug war in Mexico. In Scott Johnson’s article “The Mexican Drug Connection”, Johnson has a mix of true and false statements. For instance although Mexican Drug Cartels have networked with Mexican gangs to disturbed drugs in the United States, border towns like San Diego and El Paso close to drug cartel infested cities haven’t had a “Spillover” of violence. Even though Americans are not being affected by the “Spillover” of violence going in Mexico, we are still being affected indirectly. The objective for this paper is to

As noted in Paul Gootenberg’s article “Blowback: The Mexican Drug Crisis”, Mexican Drug Cartels branched off from Colombian Drug Cartels to make more money for themselves. Colombians forged a business partnership with Mexican traffickers, who specialized in smuggling drug across the American border, at first on a simple fee basis of $ 1,000 to $2,000 per kilogram (Gootenberg, 2010). After a while hardheaded Mexicans similar to Sinaloa’s Miguel Angel Felix Gallardo, won bargaining power against the Colombian Cartels, demanding half of the profit of the smuggling (Garcia, 2009). Miguel Angel Felix Gallardo started to network among Mexican gangs in the United States, as Sinaloan smugglers dispersed across Mexico’s territory (Gootenberg, 2010). The Sinaloa smuggling organization started to grow so rapidly, that it decided to break up into a series of regional Cartels. According to Gootenberg (2010) the DEA measured the revenue flow of the early 1990s Sinaloan cartel, now independent of Colombian suppliers, well above Medellin's earlier boom. After 2000, Mexican dealers took further steps by initiating direct purchases from peasant producers across border like Peru's Huallaga, bypassing the original Colombian connection (Garcia, 2009). High profits of cocaine ignited a geographical shift in Mexican drug organizations (Gootenberg, 2010). From Sinaloa, the drugs moved north to bass in Tijuana, Juarez, to Matamoros and Reynosa (Gootenberg, 2010). Félix Gallardo dispersed his men throughout northwestern Mexico, until jailed in 1989, and other rival organizations grew out of regional partners who expanded or split from their Sinaloan forefathers, like Tijuana's Arrellano-Félix brothers (Gootenberg, 2010). Today, most of Mexico's
 “narcotraficantes” still rise from the rural northern underclasses (Gootenberg, 2010). The Mexican Drugs wars have two dominant cartels the first being the Sinaloa Cartel and the second being the Gulf Cartel. The Sinaloa cartel is the largest cartel in México, based on the amount of drugs it moves (Kellner & Pipitone, 2010). The Sinaloa Cartel operates up Mexico’s pacific and along the U.S. border, from Tijuana to Ciudad Juarez (Beith, 2010). The leader of the Sinaloa Cartel is “El Chapo” Guzman; “Forbes” magazine estimates his wealth at $1 Billion. The U.S. government is offering $5 million for his capture (Beith, 2010). The Gulf Cartel operates in Tamaulipas and along the Gulf of Mexico. The Gulf Cartel has a bloody, violent image that is known through out Mexico. At its core was Los Zetas, originally a small group of deserters from the Mexican Special Forces, hired in 2000 by the Gulf...
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