Drug Trafficking

Topics: Illegal drug trade, Smuggling, Heroin Pages: 6 (2177 words) Published: April 16, 2010
The world is currently engaged in a War on Drugs, a war that has been waged for decades and which shows no indication of being successfully concluded in the near future. As with other types of wars, this one has fronts both within the domestic borders as well as in foreign lands and the war affects the country's economic policy and shapes relationships with numerous foreign powers. Military and intelligence services are engaged in the war, as are various law enforcement agencies at the local, state and federal levels. Yet drug use and abuse continues to be strong, and drug interdiction efforts on the international level draw mixed reviews. This research considers the issue of drug trafficking, and examines the political ramifications. Drug traffickers run everything like a business. They sell a product, compete for customers, and market their product; collect payments, payout commissions and salaries for people that work for them. “It is frequently argued that drug dealers can be viewed as entrepreneurs involved in ‘enterprise crime’ and that drug trafficking has much in common with legitimate business” (Desroches 830). A major difference between running a business and upper level drug trafficking is that the traffickers do not follow the rules and regulations that a legitimate business is required to follow. Many people are aware of the financial benefits that can be awarded from selling illicit drugs. Generally, the reward overrides the risk to most people in the illegal drug market. Factors such as economical changes forced those who were used to making a living from repairing and reselling junk to seeking fast money that could generate huge profits. One would think trafficking into US borders wouldn’t be a big issue with all of the technology and man power of the United States. Trafficking into the United States is very difficult to prevent with “more than 295 million people, involving upward of 88 million cars and 4.5 million trucks and railroad cars cross at 38 official border crossing points each year. In particular, the San Ysidro border crossing at the junction of Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico and San Diego, California, USA is reportedly the busiest land border crossing in the world, with 46 million persons and 14 million vehicles crossing annually” (Brouwer et al 710). In Asia, “China shares a 2,000 kilometer border with Burma, thus resulting in China serving as a major transit route in addition to a source of consumption” (Clarke75). Estimations suggest that there are tens of millions drug users in China. 80 percent support their drug problem through crime and 40% of the crime is drug related. Past foreign policy decisions by China and their trade of weapons area main reason for the ease of importing illegal drug into the country. Korea is a neighboring country of China with government funded narcotics trafficking. Since Korea has some government funded trafficking;the detection of smuggling drugs into China is very difficult to regulate. Beijing spends a lot of focus on its borders with the Southeast Asian countries because of Xinjiang. Xinjiang is bordered by the Arabian Sea and is under developed. “Xinjiang is a desirable trafficking destination, given its geographic proximity to major areas of production and the fact that transport is much less risky, especially since counternarcotics measures taken by China, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the Central Asian republics remain inadequate” (Clarke93). Overall, smaller is safer as far as drug distribution enterprises are concerned. “In countries with competent and uncorrupted law enforcement agencies, drug syndicates that remains small, inconspicuous, and fly under the radar of enforcement agencies are much more likely to survive than their larger counter parts” (Desroches 833). Higher level drug traffickers closely resemble independent business persons in a wholesale distribution system. Knowledge and information are tightly controlled which keeps crew members...

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Brouwer, Kimberly, et al. “Trends in Production, Trafficking, and Consumption of Methamphetamine and Cocaine in Mexico.” Substance Use & Misuse 41.5 (2006): 707-27. Academic Search Complete. Web. 3 Mar. 2010.
Clarke, Ryan. “Narcotics Trafficking in China: Size, Scale, Dynamic and Future Consequences.” Pacific Affairs 81.1 (2008): 73-93. Academic Search Complete. Web. 3 Mar. 2010.
Desroches, Frederick. “Research on Upper Level Drug Trafficking: A Review.” _Journal of Drug Issues 37.4 (2007): 827-44. Academic Search Complete_. Web. 3 Mar. 2010.
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