Disscussion Question

Topics: Typography, Citation, APA style Pages: 6 (1262 words) Published: September 3, 2011

This style guide has been created for First-Year Sequence courses at University of Phoenix. It is based on the complete Associate Level (Axia) Writing Style Handbook, which you will rely on and be held accountable for in your courses after your first year at University of Phoenix.

The purpose of this guide is to provide the basic rules necessary for writing papers that are consistent in style and formatting and that respect the intellectual property rights of experts whose material you refer to in your formal papers. This guide is consistent with the university Writing & Style Guidelines and with the publication style of the American Psychological Association (APA). If you have any questions about these rules, always check with your instructor.

Formatting Your Paper

Font Styles

All text must be written in the same font.
Use Times New Roman, Arial, or Courier, 12-point size.
Use italics sparingly for emphasis; do not use bold, underlining, or all capital letters.


Use 1-inch margins on all sides of each page.
Align text to the left side of the page, leaving the right side ragged.


Indent the first line of each paragraph ½ inch, or one tab. •Double-space throughout the text, including the title page and reference page. •Leave one space between words.
Use either one space or two spaces consistently after sentence-ending punctuation throughout your paper.

Title Page

Double-space. Use upper- and lowercase letters, with no bold or underlining. •Include the following on your title page:

oTitle of the paper
oYour name
oCourse title
oFaculty name

You can use Riverpoint Writer or the title page template in the Center for Writing Excellence to create title pages for assignments. Riverpoint Writer is an advanced APA style and formatting tool that may surpass the requirements for your course. Verify with your instructor whether the tool meets the style expectations for your course.


Place the page number in the upper right-hand corner.
Include the title page, paper content, and reference page (where applicable) as one continuous document rather than as three separate documents.


Use numbered lists if you need to describe long, step-by-step processes. •Use bulleted lists only for information that is significantly easier to read as a list than as part of the text.


Use the abbreviations a.m. and p.m. for time.
For an acronym that will be used throughout the paper, write out the term the first time and then include the acronym in parentheses. Then, in the rest of your paper, use only the acronym.

Example:Those decisions are made by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). For HUD rules and regulations, contact . . .

Recognizing Intellectual Property

You must acknowledge outside sources in your paper by citing the sources in the body of the paper (in-text citations) and on the reference page. There are three main ways of using outside sources in your paper: quoting directly, paraphrasing, and summarizing. Each of those requires an in-text citation and a reference page entry.

In-Text Citations

Direct quotations use two or more words taken word-for-word from the source.

Enclose direct quotations—the original author’s words—in double quotation marks to differentiate between your words and the original author’s words. •Include the page or paragraph number of the original material in parentheses after the quotation. This will help your reader locate the original information quickly and easily. •If you mention the author’s name in your sentence, include the year of publication in parentheses after the name. Otherwise, place both the author’s name and the year in parentheses after the quotation.

Example:According to Mandelbrot and Hudson (2004), “This equilibrium market clearing price is automatically interpreted as being...

Citations: • The Writing and Style Guidelines at the Center for Writing Excellence on the student website
• Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2010), sixth edition
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