Discrimination is the prejudicial or distinguishing treatment of an individual based on their actual or perceived membership in a certain group or category, such as their race, gender, sexual orientation, ethnicity, national origin, or religion.
Most societies in the world are such, that do not accept and hence, judge, everything that is unknown to it or different from it. Thus, in our everyday life we are witnesses of some sort of discrimination or mistreatment of other people and in some cases we may find ourselves in the role of a discriminator, completely unconscious and without deliberate intention in advance.
A particular importance in the acceptance and establishment of human rights has the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which was adopted by the UN General Assembly on its meeting in Paris (10 December 1948). It has been created starting from the principle that "all men are born free and equal in dignity and rights" - a principle which has a strong influence in the world. The Declaration arose directly from the experience of the Second World War and represents the first global expression of rights that should be enjoyed by all human beings.
II. Types of discrimination
There are various types of discrimination. People are denied equality and dignity if they are discriminated against based on their sex, religion, sexual preference, age, color, race, language, genome, disability, marital status, etc.
1. Racial Discrimination
Racism refers to belief that there are certain inherent and characteristic differences between certain groups of people that can be measured hierarchically, or the belief that one race is superior to other races. Consequence of racism is a social, political and economic advantage of one group of people over another. Granting or revoking privileges on the basis of race is called racial discrimination.
Some people consider being a racist as being smart and doing better for