Different forms of learning, giving examples and there implications in society.

Topics: Classical conditioning, Behaviorism, Operant conditioning Pages: 2 (776 words) Published: April 15, 2014
. From the dat that we are born, we begin a process of learning that lasts througout life. while there are many ways to define and describe learning, it is typically defined as a relatively permanent change in behaviour as a result of experience. one of the forms of learning is known as conditioning. Conditioning emphasise the relationship between stimuli and responses. the two types of conditioning found are classical conditioning and operent conditioning, learning may occur in different ways. psychologists have distinguished between different types of learning, these being observational learning and insight learning. Clasical Conditioning refers to a simple form of learning, which occurs through the repeted association of two or more different stimuli. Learning is only said to have occured once a particular stimulus always produced a responce which it did notpreviously produce. Classical conditioning involves an unconditioned stimulus and an uncoditioned response, as well as a conditioned stimulus and conditioned response. The unconditioned stimulus is any stimulus, which consistently produces a naturally occuring, automatic response. The unconditioned response is a reflexive and involuntary response, which occurs as a result of the unconditioned stimulus. The conditioned stimulus is the stimulus that is neutral at the begining of the conditioning process and dose not produce the unconditioned response. The conditioned response occurs after the conditioned stimulus has been associated with the unconditioned stimulus. An example of classical conditioning - In Pavlav's classic experiment, The smell of food was the naturally occurring stimulus that was paired with the previously neutral ringing of the bell. Once an association had been made between the two, the sound of the bell alone could lead to a response. The other form of conditioning is Operant conditioning, (sometimes referd to as instrumental conditioning) is a learning process in which the probility...
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