Topics: Diabetes mellitus, Insulin, Diabetes mellitus type 2 Pages: 7 (2412 words) Published: February 11, 2014

In America, the fact that fast food restaurants are located at every corner many people becomes obesity leading to huge risk factors. The various issues of unhealthy living lead to multiple life threatening diseases, such as diabetes. When people hear the news that they have been diagnosed with diabetes, it makes them feel frightened. In 2011, statistics show that in United States 25.8 million of children and adults have diabetes (Becker, Gretchen, (2001)). American Indians and Alaska natives have a higher percentage of adults with diabetes than other ethnicities (American Diabetes Association, (2011)). Diabetes is a serious life-long illness caused by high level of glucose in the blood. This condition is when the body cannot produce insulin that is located in the pancreas. Insulin is a hormone that moderates the blood level. Diabetes affects the process of how the body uses blood sugar (American Diabetes Association, (2011)). Glucose is significant since it is “the main source of fuel” (American Diabetes Association, (2011)). There is no cure for diabetes but there are ways to lower the risks. Although diabetes is a disorder, it can also lead to other factors such as heart attack, kidney failure, or death. A person with diabetes has to maintain a healthy lifestyle including eating the right food, exercising, controlling their blood sugar level, and be optimistic. Diabetes occurs in several forms but the major ones are Type I and II diabetes and gestational diabetes. Type I diabetes is also known as “Juvenile Diabetes” because it typically occurs in children and young adults. The symptoms for Type I diabetes are frequent urination, extreme thirst and hunger, unusual weight loss, and exhaustion. Young adolescents are able to continue a fit lifestyle with the treatment of insulin therapy. Metzger (2012) explained how insulin is injected under the skin instead of through the mouth because digestive enzymes will destroy insulin. Diabetes is a serious issue and put a person’s life at risk if they don’t manage a positive lifestyle. However if people don’t prevent themselves from being at risk, then it’ll lead to difficulties. American Diabetes Association (2012) listed the possibilities of the problems including the eye, heart disease, high blood pressure, hearing loss, and ketoacidosis. Statistics show that diabetes is the main cause of kidney failure. Living with type I diabetes can be fairly easy by handling the recommended components such as exercise, healthy diet, controlling the levels of sugar, daily insulin injections, and supportive people. Although living with this type of illness is challenging, a person has the capability to do normal things that anyone can do. Moreover several things such as environment, genetics, or eating unhealthy can cause diabetes. American Diabetes Association (2012) explained how cold weather could affect people to develop type I diabetes. As for genetics, the child could be at risk. For men, the risk of type 1 diabetes occurring in the child is 1 in 17. For women, if she had the child before 25 the risk is 1 in 25. If she had the child after 25, the risk is 1 in 100 (Becker, Gretchen, (2001)). Children who are white have a higher risk than other ethnic groups.  Type II diabetes is similar to Type I but it puts the person at higher risk. Type II diabetes was once known as non-insulin dependent or adult-onset diabetes. People with type II diabetes could either have pancreas that does not produce the necessary amount of insulin or does not respond to insulin. This condition is called insulin resistance. Without insulin, glucose cannot go into the body’s cells. Glucose will expands that will cause the body’s cell function differently than it’s supposed to (WebMD, 2012). The symptoms for Type II diabetes are similar to Type I but also includes blurred vision, infections, and numbness in the hands or feet (Becker, Gretchen, (2001)). Symptoms do not...

References: Website
American Diabetes Association
American Diabetes Association, (2011) complete guide to Diabetes Fifth edition
Becker, Gretchen, (2001) The First Year Type 2 Diabetes
Rosenthal, M. Sara, (2001) 50 Ways to manage Type 2 Diabetes
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