Type 2 Diabetes

Topics: Obesity, Diabetes mellitus, Insulin / Pages: 5 (1187 words) / Published: Jun 5th, 2013
Type 2 Diabetes occurs when the body fails to produce enough insulin, or unable to utilize insulin properly. It is often associated with adults over the age of 40, overweight and a family history of diabetes, but it is currently occurring among younger people.
1. Prevalence and incidence of Diabetes type 2 According to statistical records, an approximation of 18.2 million children and adults suffer from diabetes in the United States. This is equal to 6.3 percent of America’s population. Out of this data, 13 million people underwent diagnosis while 5.2 million represents the number of people presumed to have the disease unknowingly. The annual rate of diagnosis of new cases of type 2 diabetes in America remains at 798,000 (Narayan et al, 2006).
2. Statistics on type 2 diabetes in children
Previously, diabetes in childhood used to involve diabetes type 1. This trend changed within the last two decades, with reported cases of diabetes type 2 among children and adolescent youths in the United States. Most of the diagnosed cases often involved children between 10-19 years. More than 229,240 are approximated to be suffering from type 2 diabetes in the U.S. According to the latest data in the past years, diagnosis of type 2 diabetes in children falls at least 3,600 new cases per year (Narayan et al, 2006). Worse still, research shows that current treatments produce effects in adults only but not kids. As a result, children get sicker with the condition than the adult equivalents.
3. Reasons for the increase of type 2 diabetes
The increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes seems to relate to the growth of urbanization and economic development at the global arena. This results to mal-adjustment to the changing environment, and this leads to the rise of cases of overweight and obesity (Colwell, 2003). The changing patterns of diet and levels of physical activity contribute to the increasing levels of obesity. A lifestyle linked to obesity characterizes most families

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