Developmental Milestones in the First Two Years of Life

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Developmental Milestones in the First Two Years of Life

Many of us have had the opportunity to observe infants and how they develop through time, whether it is our children, siblings, or just a family friend we can all agree it is extremely interesting to watch children grow. I am currently about 8 months pregnant and I feel it is very important for me to understand how my daughter-to-be will develop. It is important for parents especially to know how a child should grow and mature so they know if their children are on the right track or not. Without knowing how a child is supposed to develop one may never know if their child has a developmental disability or not. The best way to diagnose a developmental disability is the parents observing their children’s behavior and reporting it to their doctor so further research can be made. I have decided to research the developmental milestones of a child from birth to age two because children go through so many very important developmental stages just in those two years.
There are a few different types of developments people go through as they mature and develop. It is important to understand all types of development because they all work together in allowing human beings to do the things we do. Every physical development we accomplish through life started with the brain developing enough for to understand how to manipulate our bodies into doing what we want them to do. The first main area of development is cognitive development, this is the ability to learn and solve problems. Cognitive development is accomplished by maturation of the brain. The second type of development is social and emotional development; this is the ability to interact with others, including helping themselves and self-control. A third type of development is speech and language development, this is the ability to understand and use language. The last two developments are motor skill developments, fine motor skill development and gross motor skill



References: How Kids Develop. (2009). Retrieved from http://www.howkidsdevelop.com/‌developSkills.html Myers, D. G. (2008). Module 8. In Exploring Psychology in Modules (pp. 105 -118). New York, NY: Worth Publishers. Petrill, K. (2006). Sensorimotor Stage. Retrieved from CREDO reference database. Your Newborns Reflexes. (2009). Retrieved from http://www.pregnancy-info.net/‌reflexes.html

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