development from conception to age 16 years

Topics: Friendship, Developmental psychology, Psychology Pages: 2 (535 words) Published: January 9, 2014
E1
In the age range of 3 to 7 years, within a child’s cognitive development they should be starting to ask questions. Even though this may seem annoying, it is a normal and important developmental milestone. They should also be able to correctly name familiar colours and understand about same and difference. During play, they should also be able to pretend and fantasize more creatively. Within this age range they should also be able to follow three-part commands and remember different parts of a story. As they have a routine, it will be easier for them to understand time better and recognizing common objects. They should also be able to count, and understand the concept of counting as well as sorting objects by shape and colour. Within a child’s social development between the age of 3 to 7, children like to be able to play on their own but near other children. Also by the age of 3 years, children are beginning to play cooperatively and preferences for friendships start to emerge. They generally play with both genders, with the choice of activity being more important to children than who else is involved in the activity. At the age of 4, they start taking turns and cooperating with the other children. Also at this age they can express anger verbally rather than physically and can feel jealousy. Around the age of 5, the first secure friendships begin to develop. Children actively start to seek the company of their friends. They also willingly share with their friends and having a friend starts to become important, and they may cry when their friend has not come into school that day. At this age they are also starting to choose same-sex friends. E2

Between the ages of 7 and 12, within a child’s social development their friendships are based on compatibility and the children will be sharing common interests. They are also more likely to have strong same-sex friendships. Boys will tend to gather in larger groups and are more likely to be involved in sport...
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