Developing Country China

Topics: People's Republic of China, Pollution, Hong Kong Pages: 4 (787 words) Published: December 12, 2014
Developing Country: China

The People’s Republic of China is located in East Asia. China is the most populous country in the world and its population is 1.35 billion. The communist party runs China and its capital city is Beijing. Its population/ settlement growth has had a 0.5% change from 2012. It is experiencing high levels of settlement growth ever since it opened it self to the rest of the world and made the ‘one child’ policy not as strict as before. In terms of land area, China is 9.6 million square kilometers and is the second biggest country in the world.

A 1) There are many problems that Mainland China is currently facing. One of them is the speed of urbanization. This increase in population from rural places into the cities has a big effect on the environment, welfare and social state. 2) The second big problem is pollution and environmental issues. Only 32% of the waste in Mainland China is being treated. Around 25% of the people drink contaminated water and many people in China’s cities have water shortage problems. This is a huge negative impact on the public’s heath and being. 3) The third big problem in China is corruption. China was placed 80th out of 176 countries in 2012 for ‘ Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index’. It was rated as corrupted as Peru and Jamaica but it is not as corrupted as Sri Lanka and lots of other developed countries. There are lots of different types of corruption going on there, such as bribery, backdoor deals, misspending of public funds, theft, etc. Public Surveys in Mainland China indicate that one of the most concerning issues in the general public is corruption. According to a Professor of Political Science in City University of New York, corruption is one of the main reasons that caused the Tiananmen protest in 1989. B 1) I think the problem of Urbanization can be solved if the government through doing surveys and using the correct policies to plan roads, hospitals, schools, etc in...
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