Define Hygiene Behavior
Topics: Oral hygiene, Dentistry, Dental caries, Behavior, Psychology, Social cognitive theory / Pages: 27 (6655 words) / Published: Feb 4th, 2014

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Determinants of Oral Hygiene Behavior:
A study based on the Theory of Planned
Behavior
This chapter is based on Buunk-Werkhoven YAB, Dijkstra A, van der Schans CP (accepted pending revision). Determinants of oral hygiene behavior: A study based on the Theory of
Planned Behavior. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology.

Determinants of Oral Hygiene Behavior: A study based on the
Theory of Planned Behavior.
Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to develop an index for oral hygiene behavior (OHB), and to examine potential predictors of this actual behavior based on the Theory of Planned
Behavior (TPB). Measures of oral health knowledge and the expected effect of having healthy teeth on social relationships were included too.
Material and Methods: Using an Internet questionnaire, 487 participants were asked about actual oral hygiene behavior, attitudes (ATT), social norms (SN), perceived behavioral control
(PBC), oral health knowledge (OHK), and expected social outcomes (ESO). Based on a Delphi method involving oral health professionals, a new index for OHB was developed, including tooth brushing, interdental cleaning, and tongue cleaning.
Results: Regression analysis revealed that the TPB variables (ATT, SN, and PBC), and OHK explained 32.3% of the variance in self-reported oral hygiene behavior.
Conclusion: The present findings indicate that socio-psychological consequences play a role in oral health care.
Key words: Behavioral science, Psychosocial aspects of oral health, Oral hygiene, Prevention

Introduction

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Professionals in oral health care have recognized that assessments of oral health and oral hygiene outcomes are of great importance for developing oral health care interventions. Oral self-care practices based on personal choice may be considered an important aspect of oral hygiene behavior. Therefore, individual beliefs and attitudes toward this behavior have an important role in oral health care. The



References: 2. Bandura A. Social Learning Theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1977. Cliffs, NJ, USA: Prentice Hall, 1980. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1986. 17. Ajzen I. Attitudes, personality, and behavior. Milton Keynes, England: Open University Press, 1988. 19. ADA. Cleaning your teeth and gums (oral hygiene). Retrieved September 26, 2007, from http://www.ada.org/public/topics/cleaning_faq.asp#4. The handbook of evolutionary psychology, 2005. 24. Linstone HA, Turoff M. Delphi methods: Techniques and applications. Reading, Mass.; London [etc.]: Addison-Wesley, 1975.

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