Support positive attachments for children and young people.
Outcome 1- Understand the importance of positive attachment for the well being of children and young people
1 summarise theories of attachment
Attachment is a deep and enduring emotional bond that connects one person to another across time and space (Ainsworth, 1973; Bowlby, 1969).
So what are the attachment theories focusing on? Attachment theory is focused on the relationships and bonds between people, particularly long-term relationships including those between a parent and child and between romantic partners. In my line of work, I have to focus on the parental and child attachment rather than the romantic partner one. Bowlby (the creator and psychologist that researched into attachment theories) believed that the attachment that a child has from a young age affects how they will be when they are grown up. He came up with 3 different categories: secure attachment, ambivalent attachment, and avoidant attachment. Secure attachment- where a child shows distress when the care giver leaves them and shows obvious joy on their return. Ambivalent attachment- when the care giver leaves, the child is also distressed, but once they return, the child does not settle and in some cases, the child might passively reject the parent by refusing comfort, or may openly display direct aggression toward the parent. Avoidant attachment- the child shows no emotion or change in the care giver leaving, or coming back.
2 explain why positive attachment is important for children and young people A positive attachment starts when a child/ young person knows they are getting the basic needs met and feel secure by their parents’ care givers. When a children/ young person feel comfortable after this, they can then separate more easily from them and they are more likely to part take in the play and learning activities if they are secure emotionally. When children have strong relationships or are able to have them, they are less likely to show unwanted behaviour or conduct negative behaviour to gain attention. Positive attachment is also good for young people/children’s language as it develops more quickly because they feel confident talking to people.
3 evaluate the potential impact on the well being of children and young people of not forming positive attachments If a child/young person is not able to form positive attachments, this will affect their long term cognitive, social, and emotional skills and receptors. The long term consequences of maternal deprivation might include the following: Delinquency, reduced intelligence, increased aggression, Depression, Affectionless. A child/young person will have an inability to show affection or concern for others. They act on impulse with little regard for the consequences of their actions. An example of this would be; showing no guilt for antisocial behaviour.
4 explain the role of carers in supporting children and young people to form positive attachments With the children/young people in my care, most of them are unable to form healthy positive relationships due to their past. It will be challenging for the care team to help the children/young people overcome this as they are usually around 15 years of age when they come into our care. We cannot expect miracles, but with persistence and positive attitude, we are able to try and show the children/young people that it is ok to care and show emotion to people you care about. We can support them by giving advice and guidance, and maybe share experiences that we have faced just like them, and show its not all bad and there is light at the end of the tunnel.
Outcome 2- Understand how resilience can reduce vulnerability of children and young people to separation and loss
1 describe what is meant by the term resilience
Psychological resilience is used to describe the ability of an individual to adapt to challenging situations, periods and transitions...
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