There are legislations, guidelines, policies and procedures within the UK that are in place to help safeguard children and young people in the community.
Some of these are;
The Children Act 1989
This is an act to amend previous laws relating to children: To provide for local authority services for children in need and others: To make provision for those who foster, childmind and for day-care for young children and adoption. Also, for children’s homes and voluntary organisations.
United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989)
This international agreement sets out the minimum standards for protecting children’s rights and refers to all children up to the age of 18 years old. There are 54 articles: 40 give direct rights to children. The Convention defines the basic human rights of all children and specifies 14 basic rights. Each child has the right to:
• Name and nationality
• Live with his/her parents and if this is not possible then to have contact with them
• Say what they think
• Meet other children and join groups
• Be safe from harm
• Medical care
• A decent standard of living
• Practise their religion and speak their language
• Rest and time to play
• Protection from dangerous work
• Protection from the use of illicit drugs.
In relation to safeguarding children, it states that the best interests of the child should be a biggest consideration when action is taken concerning them.
• Children are to be protected from all forms of discrimination
• Every child has the inherent right to life, survival and development
• Children should not be punished cruelly or in a way that belittles them
• Children have the right to be protected from all forms of abuse and neglect and be given proper care by those looking after them
• Children who are victims of abuse are entitled to the care and