One of the first prison systems was called the Pennsylvania System. The ideology of this system was used in the Eastern State Penitentiary in the early 1800s. This system had very definite ideas on how a prison should be organized and managed. The operation of this prison was based on the following 5 general principles (Clear, Cole, & Reisig, 2006): 1. Do not treat prisoners harshly, but instruct them that hard and selective forms of suffering could change their lives. 2. Solitary confinement will prevent further corruption.
3. Offenders should reflect on their transgressions and repent. 4. Solitary confinement is considered punishment.
5. Solitary confinement is economical.
The Quakers are the ones that actually formed these ideas, due to the fact they wanted more human treatment for criminals. I believe that the five principles were implemented due to the kind of treatment that the criminals were getting at that time period. “Until the late 1700's, criminals were put to death, shipped to other countries to become slaves, and were thrown to wild animals just so society could literally get rid of them.” (http://voices.yahoo.com/the-early-american-correction-system-326781.html?cat=17) Then when the Pennsylvania system took hold the prisoners were able to carry out a certain amount of time in jail instead of getting hung/ killed. At the time this system took hold it was believed that the prisoners needed a strict punishment that way they could repent and become closer with the lord. Some punishments or correctional alternatives would have been: * Work in the prison
* Cell blocks
* Solitary confinement
* Early release for hard work and good behavior( this was created by Alexander Maconochie) * Parole
* Education classes
Then around the 1930's there was a medical approach introduced. " A model of correction based on the assumption that criminal behavior is caused by social, psychological, or biological...
References: Clear, Cole, & Reisig, 2006
Clear & Cole, 2000, p.47
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