Counseling Theories

Topics: Theory of cognitive development, Jean Piaget, Neo-Piagetian theories of cognitive development Pages: 6 (2108 words) Published: October 5, 2010
In this essay I intend to evaluate and analyze Jean Piaget cognitive learning theories to the current educational environment and demonstrate the understanding of the reading assignments, class discussions, my research, and the application of the learning theories to the current educational environment. I believe that Piaget is one of the most influential researchers of all time, and he will always be the greatest theorist by far in the field of psychology, because he was best known for his research on children's cognitive development and studied and theorized the biological influences. Piaget brought a vast knowledge of understand in his era and his contributions were remarkable and profound and it relate to cognitive learning and an in my opinion there will never be other theorist that exemplifies the knowledge proficiency of this man.

His cognitive theory of learning has truly benefited society as a whole because cognitive development relates to how a person's understand and gather new and different information. He believed that what made human beings from other animals is the ability to do abstract symbolic reasoning and was interested in how an organism adapts to their environment. Piaget theorized that adaptation is driven by a biological drive to receive balance between schemes and the environment equilibration. He also theorized, that infants are born with schemes operating at birth that he called reflexes. Many people, especially infants use these reflexes to adapt to the environment around them.

With Piaget brilliancy he identified the four stages in cognitive development and his theory described stages that children pass through in the process of development. These stages of cognitive development, in which Piaget identified, are the Sensorimotor stage, Preoperational stage, Concrete operational stage and the Formal operational stage. I must say that I can truly relate to all four stages and all has impacted me and my family in so many ways.

Firstly, I can relate to Piaget Sensorimotor stage and believe that his theory is very accurate because during this stage, an infant’s knowledge of the world is limited to their sensory perceptions and motor activities. Piaget believed that behaviors are limited to simple motor responses caused by sensory stimuli and that children utilize these skills and abilities they were born with. These skills are sucking, grasping, looking and listening, while these children learn more about the environment in which they live. I have an 18 month old niece name Dynlya who is so adorable, and to my surprise every time I see her she has learned something new. I took her to see the lights for Christmas and she was so amused, she kept pointing her little fingers while saying lights, lights, lights Auntie.

Her motor skills were excellent, because when she was only six month old my little niece had a habit of following me around, with her little eyes everywhere I would go. I would put her in her inside her swinger and she would look at me while I was washing dishes. If I would sweep the floor she would watched me. It was like she was amused and attracted to

everything that I would do. Now since, I have taken this course, I understand that she was learning from the environment that she was expose to.

Secondly, the Preoperational stage begins when the child starts to talk to about the age of seven. The child begins to use symbols to represent objects. The child is now better able to think about things and events that aren't immediately present and the child thinking is influenced by fantasy, by things he like to be and the way he want things to be. The child takes in different information and changes it for his specification. This was one of our readings in the class and discussion. We learned that children has so many fantasies that goes on their little mind, and as teachers and especially we must take this into account , all the child's vivid fantasies and...
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