top-rated free essay

Cosmopolitans and Locals

By da5pida Nov 16, 2009 549 Words
Cosmopolitans and locals
"If there were only locals in the world, world culture would be no more than the sum of its separate parts". Hannerz 1990:249
Ulf Hannerz (1990) argues that the world culture is created through the increasing interconnectedness of varied local cultures where people connect in different ways. He uses Robert Merton's cosmopolitan-local distinctions in a global context, to describe how people identify themselves with the global or not. The term `cosmopolitan' is often used rather loosely to describe just about anybody who moves around in the world. But of such people, Hannerz argue some would seem more cosmopolitans than others and others again hardly cosmopolitans at all. He describes a genuine cosmopolitanism as first of all an orientation - a willingness to engage with the other. The willingness to become involved with the other, and the concern with achieving competence in cultures, which are initially alien, is central. Being on the move is not enough to turn into a cosmopolitan. Due to this Hannerz ask a crucial question: Are tourists, exiles, business people and labour migrants cosmopolitans? And if not: Why? A contemporary writer, Paul Theroux (1986), comments that many people travel for the purpose of `home plus'. They seem cosmopolitans but are really locals at heart. Spain is home plus sunshine, India is home plus servants etc. For business people travel is ideally home plus more and better business. The `plus' has often nothing to do with alien systems of meaning, and a lot to do with facts of nature, such as nice beaches or sunshine. The exiles are often no real cosmopolitan either, because their involvement with an alien culture is something that has been forced on them. At best, life in another country is home plus safety or home plus freedom. For labour migrants going away may be home plus higher income and their involvement with another culture is a necessary cost to be kept as low as possible (Hannerz 1990). Transnational cultures today tend to be occupational cultures (and are often tied to transnational job markets). Konrad (1984) emphasises the transnational culture of intellectuals for instance. "The global flow of information proceeds on many different technical and institutional levels, but on all levels the intellectuals are the ones who know most about one another across the frontiers, who keep in touch with one another, and who feel that they are one another's allies..." Konrad 1984: 208

Hannerz add that there are transnational occupational cultures also of bureaucrats, politicians, business people, journalists and diplomats, and various others. These people shift their bases for longer periods within their lives and wherever they go they'll find others who will interact with them in the terms of specialised but collectively held understandings. Hannerz argue that because of the transnational cultures, a large number of people are nowadays systematically and directly involved with more than one culture. The transnational and territorial cultures of the world are entangled with one another in manifold ways. Some transnational cultures are more insulated from local practises than others and the transnational cultures are also as wholes usually more marked by some territorial culture than by others. However, most of them are in different ways extensions or transformations of the culture of Western Europe and North America.

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • Cosmopolitans and Locals in World Culture

    ...Hannerz, Ulf (1990) ”Cosmopolitans and Locals in World Culture”. Theory, Culture and Society Vol. 7, pp. 237-251 (also reprinted in Featherstone) World culture is marked by an organization of diversity rather than by a replication of uniformity. (237) The world has become one network of social relationships. (237) People can relate ...

    Read More
  • Cosmopolitan

    ...Brief Background : Cosmopolitan Magazine Cosmopolitan is one of the leading international women's lifestyle magazine, founded by Schlicht & Field in 1886 in U.S.A. Hearst Magazine is a part of Hearst Corporation, which publishes Cosmopolitan. It publishes 24 magazines in UK through subsidiary 'Hearst Magazines UK'. Cosmopolitan is also ...

    Read More
  • Education in a cosmopolitan Society

    ...Education in a cosmopolitan Society Multiculturalism is being challenged by new theories of cosmopolitanism. Discuss in relation to education. Theories of multiculturalism and cosmopolitanism have had a profound effect on Australian curriculum and education. Issues such as racism and secularisation have been a prominent feature of discussion...

    Read More
  • London Cosmopolitan

    ...London is one of the most glamorous cities in the world leading in architecture and finance. It has become a vibrant cosmopolitan metropolis. A city that is a financial hub for business and a global tourist attraction holds urban spectacles that are “multi-dimensional” (Gotham 226). Cities of this sort also evoke characteristics that connect...

    Read More
  • Cosmopolitan Magazine

    ...Cosmopolitan magazine plays an important role in American Pop culture influencing women all across the United States. With catchy headlines on the covers of their magazines such as “UNTAMED VA-JAY-JAYS” and “What Men Find HOT” Cosmopolitan magazine focuses on the idea of American beauty and women’s sexuality. Because Cosmopolitan mag...

    Read More
  • Local Employees Local Pay

    ...Local Employees, Local Pay? William O’ Dell, vice president for human resources at LeBert Graphics (LG), a fast growing software development firm headquartered in Boston’s Route 128 technology belt, was visiting the firm’s first overseas subsidiary, LeBert Graphics Bangalore Ltd. (LGB). The visit had been going well, but a recent lun...

    Read More
  • The Cosmopolitan Corporation

    ...well-known economist whose believes question the perfect across border market integration. What is interesting, Ghemawat became the youngest ‘guru’ included in the guide of the greatest management thinkers of all time published by The Economist in 2008. Among other research articles, he is an author of “The Cosmopolitan Corporation’ p...

    Read More
  • Cosmopolitans Man

    ...Cosmopolitans Man We've just seen how Appiah says that Cosmopolitans “celebrates hybridity, impurity, intermingling, the transformation that comes of new and unexpected combinations of human beings, cultures, ideas, politics, movies, songs. It rejoices in mongrelization (dubious origin) and fears the absolutism of the Pure”*1. Anthony Ap...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.