Topics: Religion, Economy, Economics Pages: 6 (1971 words) Published: May 4, 2013
Religion and control of stress for national development
Religion plays important roles in human’s life, activities and cultural practices.  It restructures and influences his other endeavours including stress control. In Nigerian traditional ethnic groups, traditional religion plays important role in controlling the total life of the people.  Today, apart from the traditional religion, Christianity and Islam are the two predominant religions practiced.  Their cumulative effects of long patronage have continued to thrive till date with the active communities still practicing their chosen faiths.  Religion appeals to the emotional feelings of members and uplifts their spirit, relax and relieve stress.  It also serves as an outlet for other experiences of worship.            

Nwaike (1999) states:
For the poor and oppressed sectors of the community, frustration and stress are their most likely lot in life.  From the point of view of social order, the way to prevent this sector of the society from resorting to violence and wanton destruction is through organized religious practices.  These give expression to their emotions and relieve their tension. In Nigeria, her large population that contributes to the national development is faced with many economic, political and social problems such as: non payment of salary, poor maintenance of the dilapidated roads which cause holdup, lack of good water supply, food, diseases, and lack of electricity supply and hike in fuel price.  They have put heavy stresses on the citizenry with no hope, help and possible relief coming from the government.  The people now take solace in religion which seems to have solutions to their distress.             Nwaike (1999) explained

So sociologists believe that the great evils of want, ignorance and disease are the main things that make religion attractive to people as it affords them the means of controlling stress.  That is also the reason for which old people and widows belong to religious organizations. It is not uncommon to see many people attending their various religions because of one form of problem or the other.  Problems ranging from spiritual, economic, political, social and health problems are some stresses which are taken to the various religions for solutions. Religion relieves them of their worries by offering hope and asking them to have strong faith in the religion.  In doing this, their stressful conditions are resolved thereby allowing them to contribute meaningful to the national development.  

Art and religion for economic development
The economic policies of the Federal Government of Nigeria since 1980s to 2000 have been quite individualistic and business oriented with interest vested on crude oil as the major sources of earning.  Little regard was paid to the huge profits accruing from Art and Religious activities which yield revenue for the development of the nation’s economy.  They are both contributing effectively to strengthening the economy. Art for economic development

Nationally, Art, Design, Entertainment, Craft industries generate millions of naira in economic activities every year for spending on national development.  The arts accomplish this economic obligations by producing art works that are used in communication industry as visual symbols.  The art works such as computer digitalized posters, packages, labels, illuminated sign posts and other adverts placed on televisions and magazines are among the Art and design works which have made unquantifiable wealth to the nation for development. Textile designs and fashion are major money earners which have boosted the economy.  The Nigerian textile designs and fashions compete favourably in the world and are well sought for.  In Nigeria, U.S.A and Britain, Africans and Afro Americans in Diaspora use them because of their beautiful designs and styles. The Nigerian music, entertainment, and films portray some aspects of Nigerian cultures, though some of them are mixed...

References: Ademakinwa, A. (2007) “Ancient and Modern Arts and their Linkage to Social Reality”.  Revisiting History through the Arts, Abuja: National Gallery of Arts.
Akunya, L.I. (2006)  Fundamentals of Demography.  Owerri: WEBS Media Communications.
Anyachonkeya, N. (2006)  Omuma Heritage… Owerri: Chukwuemeka Printers and Publishers.
Black, J. (2003)  Oxford Dictionary of Economics.  New York: Oxford University Press.
Eze, N. (2008) Advent of New Art Materials: Processes and Technical Uses.  Journal of language, Arts and Cultural Studies.  Vol. 1, pg. 100-113.
Nwaike, E.C. (1919)  An Introductory Sociology of Religion.  Owerri: Ihem Davis Press Ltd.
Okonkwo, V.N. (1998)  The Role of Music Performance in National Development, Nigerian Journal of Arts and Social Sciences.  Vol. 2, Nos. 1&2.
Smeeths, R. (1975) Signs, Symbols and Ornaments.  New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company.
The Watchtower (August 1, 2009)  Good Religion promotes high moral standards.  Watchtower bible and tract society.  New York. Vol. 13, No. 15.
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