Community Policing

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This dissertation will examine the Community-Oriented Policing Model and determine if it is or isn’t proven to be an effective way of policing. Crime has been a major problem and concern for law enforcement as early as the 1900’s. Citizens had become fed up with such high crime rates and order maintenance issues, and felt something needed to be done to prevent crime and restore order. There are several policing strategies that have been implemented from the traditional model of policing to the Community-Oriented Policing Model in how Police Officers deter crime and how they work with community leaders in order to deter crime, restore order and make neighborhoods a safer place to live. This paper will discuss some of the outcomes and the major operational strategies of the police as well as the programs and referral services offered to the communities. It will also compare and contrast both the traditional model of policing and the Community-Oriented Policing Model and determine the effects each had on past and present years.

Crime has been a major problem and concern for law enforcement as early as the 1900’s. In 1844, the New York City police force became the first modern American police force to combine its day and night watches to form the first paid unified police force in the United States (Bohm & Haley, p. 149). This made citizens throughout the country suspicious, and in return it resulted in law enforcement agencies being charged with the responsibility of maintaining order within society and protecting the citizens within their jurisdiction from the criminal element. Since then, the law-enforcement models has changed and evolved in response to the changing demands of society. The current trend of the community-oriented policing (COP) model has proven thus far to be one of the most successful and widely used models throughout the history of law enforcement. The Community policing model has been well more effective than the traditional model of



References: Bohm R. M. &Haley. K. N. (2010). Introduction to Criminal Justice 6th Edition, Chapter 6. York, NY: McGraw-Hill Publishing. Oliver, W. (2008). Community-Oriented Policing: A Systematic Approach to Policing. (4th Ed.). Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall. Schmalleger, Frank. (2005). Criminal Justice Today: An Introductory Text for the 21st Century.Eighth Edition. New Jersey. Pearson Prentice Hall http://www.cops.usdoj.gov/default.asp?Item=36 http://www.dare.com/home/default.asp http://www.emich.edu/cerns/downloads/papers/PoliceStaff/Unsorted/Effectiveness%20of%20Community%20Policing.pdf http://www.nytimes.com/1987/02/24/us/minneapolis-study-places-origins-of-911-calls.html

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