Running head:COMMUNITY ASSESSMENT 1
Nikki Shannon Johnston
NURS:4011, Section 07, Family, Community, and Population-Based Care February 13, 2014
COMMUNITY ASSESSMENT 2 Community Assessment
Community assessment is a core function for the public health nurse and involves getting to know the community. It involves identifying the needs of the community, problems in the community, and finding answers and resources to promote and increase the health and well being of the community. The purpose of this paper is to identify vulnerable populations and problems in my community and the importance of finding a solution. Overview of the Community
A community is the geographic area from which people reside. Certain characteristics of a population can be factors in determining the health care and services required by that community. Ethnicity and race, along with age, can impact community health needs and the services needed. Understanding the factors that affect the health of a community will assist with how to improve the health, culture, and the community environment. Analyzing these factors and finding a solution to a particular problem in the community can help to make a healthier place to live, learn, work, and play.
Paris, Texas is considered the county seat of Lamar County. It is located in the central time zone of Northeast Texas. It is also located in the area considered tornado alley. It does not have any major interstates running through it and has one major loop around the town. The total population of Paris is 25,171. The community is 94% urban and 6% rural. The population consists of 13,430 females and 11,741 males. The demographic population by race consists of 16,970 white people, 5,881 black people, 374 American Indian, 227 Asian, 6 Native Hawaiian, 874 other, and 839 considered to be of two or more races. The community population consists of 1,835 persons from 0 to 4 years of age, 4,462 persons 5 to 17 years old, 14,695 persons from 18 COMMUNITY ASSESSMENT 3 to 64 years old, and 4,179 persons 65 years of age or older (Census Viewer, 2010).
Paris has an unofficial nickname of Crepe Myrtle City and is known as the second largest Paris in the world. The community is defined by boundaries of land and the abundance of empty land is located outside of the loop which surrounds Paris. The community consists mainly of houses, divided into neighborhoods, but also includes approximately 30 farms and several apartment complexes and condos. Most houses are new or in very good condition and livable. The most common industries include manufacturing, retail trade, construction, and food service. Common occupations include production supervisors, truck drivers, maintenance operations, and retail sales. The community has one hospital that occupies two current buildings, one on the loop and one located downtown. Paris is home to three public high schools, one private academy, six elementary/middle schools, one college/university, and a public library. Paris also has a new landmark that was constructed in 1993, a 60 foot replica of the Eiffel Tower with a giant red cowboy hat atop it.
Transportation is most commonly by automobile and the only public transportation is by taxi. Paris has a Boys and Girls Club, four parks, downtown fresh produce market, four grocery stores, various retail shops and restaurants. Most residents shop at Walmart or Mirabeau Square. Paris has a more white race with black being the second most prominent race. Baptist is the most common religion with Methodist the second most common. Major businesses and industries include Sara Lee, Campbell Soup,...
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