communication barriers

Topics: Communication, Nonverbal communication, Criminal justice Pages: 5 (2478 words) Published: May 14, 2014
Barriers to Effective Communication Paper
Communication enables human beings to interact in a meaningful way. It is hence a vital component of coming up with the meanings of situations so as to derive the intended conclusions (Golden, 2009). The process of communication and its components, the difference between hearing and listening as well as the formal and informal channels of communication in the criminal justice organizations will be discussed in this paper. This paper will also discuss the various barriers to effective communication and come up with strategies to overcome them. Lastly, this paper will describe the process of communication and its components as well as the differences between listening and hearing in effective communication.

The Process of Communication and its Components
Communication is a part valued of daily activities and the need to master it is benefit of every citizen. Problem-solving, understanding others opinions and exchanging ideas with others are all benefited by good communication skills and the ability to allow communication to flow. When one observes communication, it is apparent that there are three parts to communication, verbal, non-verbal, and Para verbal. The verbal refers to the content of people messages, the way people word sentence and what is meant by what one another is saying. The non-verbal refers to the body movements and the message that is send is also known as body language. Lastly, Para verbal is the tone in which people say what people say and the volume used while communicating (Wallace and Roberson, 2009). When communicating people tend to over use words and try to make themselves appear to be smarter than they are and this leads to a communication that does not flow. The party on the receiving end of the conversation often find themselves lost and not understanding what is being said, and this hinders the flow of communication. A person who speaks loudly is often thought of be upset of something, and the message the person being spoke receives is that such person is angry. Whereas a person who is soft spoken is often thought to be uncomfortable and does not believe what they are saying is important, or the person does not wish the information to be heard by all who may be standing around (Wallace and Roberson, 2009). When speaking to a person, one should speak clearly and try to remain on the communication to avoid drifting or the listeners to lose interests. This is true in all aspects of communication, even if the topic is considered to boring to the listener. When speaking to someone the speaker must focus on what they are projecting with their actions and body language (Foulger, 2004). Not everything a person conveys to others comes by way of individual’s mouth. How individual say what they say is equally telling in their ability to share their thoughts with others. Here are a few body language precepts individual may wish to embrace (pun definitely intended): People should not limit supportive interaction to just what individual say. Show it by nodding head, making eye contact, raising eyebrows and making other gestures that demonstrate that their interest and involvement in the discussion are not mere lip service. The communication begins from sender and its ends with sender. The communication process starts with a sender or the person who wants to communicate a though to the other person/ persons. The sender interprets the thoughts into various symbols and words that the receiver can understand and then transmits the message. The message is transmitted through a medium such as email, oral or written media. Then there is a receiver for whom the message is meant. The last step is feedback where the receiver responds to the message sent by the sender. There are various barriers to the process that are called noise (Foulger, 2004). These barriers can be internal such as poor listening skills or external such as high noise levels in the...

References: Foulger, D. (2004, February/Fall). Models of the Communication Process. Evolutionary Media, 3(205-217), 1-10.
Golden, B. (2009, August/spring). There Is A Difference Between Listening and Hearing. ProMedica Health System, 4(109-122).
Wallace, H. & Roberson, C. (2009). Written and Interpersonal Communication: Methods For Law Enforcement (4th Ed.).
Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.
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