Communication and Technology
Technology has come a long way since Benjamin Franklin’s discovery of electricity. Technology helps take the stress away when it comes to communication and the sharing of information. When it comes to criminal justice and technology there has been many advancements. They have polygraph test, ability to get evidence through DNA samples. Cell phones have become the number one method of communicating. Either through social networks, pictures, texting, or the internet. People can pay their bills and go to school on cellphones (smart phones). Cell phones today even have GPS which makes it easier to locate people and places (Moriarty & carter, 1998). The positive affects with new technology and communication dealing with Mobile data terminals is that information is transfer to a different location faster. You are able to transfer information on a local, state, and Federal level at a rapid pace. Communication plays a crucial role in the Criminal Justice system. Communications helps with resolving a complex crime in a court of law. The advancement of technology has helped with the capabilities of communication in specialized databases in the criminal justice system. Automated fingerprint identification system benefits law enforcement agencies through the use of computer graphics that are operated for the purpose of identifying an individual’s fingerprints (Wallace, H. Roberson, 2009). Live Scan fingerprinting and Iris Scan is both a new technology that is incorporated into the AFIS systems. Fingerprints have been around for many years. The process just was so time consuming. Individuals were responsible for classifying fingerprints, looking up an individual by name or state identification number, comparing fingerprints of a crime scene to hundreds or even thousands of fingerprint cards. The newest of the AFIS has revolutionized fingerprint technology. The brains of the AFIS, is that it has the ability as a computer to scan and digitize fingerprints and then create a geometry or map of the unique ridge pattern of a single individual. This system has increased the speed and accuracy of the well-known 10 point processing of prints. A fingerprint sent by photographic transmission from a crime scene to another location within a state can be processed immediately which then allows officials to issue an all point bulletin within minutes of a crime. This type of technology opens up communication with the community to catch a criminal quickly and efficiently. The process took many hours and several individuals. Now the system can search through a single database in seconds, minutes, or hours depending on the record. Technology and specialized databases allow individual cities, states or countries to store information on individuals and relay this information to and from different systems to identify an individual’s past criminal record. There have been a lot of technical advances in computer hardware and program in the 1970’s and 1980’s came two major advances to the law enforcement reporting systems. The Computer-Aided Dispatching system manages the incoming request for service, monitors the location and status of the available officers, and either dispatches officers directly or recommends the dispatching of officers to a human dispatcher. The idea of transportable computing includes the use of the web and internal intranets for computing and communicating while on the move. Mobile carriers are usually a smaller version of a multi-use computer, with less memory, processors that are slower, and batteries that require less power; they correspond over lower ranges of frequency on wireless communication links (Agrawal, Rao, & Sanders, 2003). A Mobile Data terminal is a small computer screen and keyboard that allows for direct electronic communications between the law enforcement vehicle and the dispatcher and/or RMS, is installed...
References: Retrieved from: http://www.faculty.ncwc.edu
Agrawal, ., & sanders, r. (2003). .
Moriarty, L. & Carter, D. (1998). Criminal Justice Technology in the 21st Century. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.
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