Week 4 Technology and Communication Paper Individual

Topics: Biometrics, Facial recognition system, Iris recognition Pages: 8 (1728 words) Published: July 19, 2015

Technology and Communication Paper
Toska Reed
Interpersonal Communication/CJA304
University of Phoenix Online
Prof. Eileen Carlin
April 15, 2015

This paper will explain how technology affects the communication capabilities of specialized databases in the criminal justice system. It will provide the definition, history of these specialized databases and provide the comparison of three different specialized databases, which are: Automatic Fingerprint Identification System (AFIS), Facial Recognition, and Iris Scan. Included in this paper will be the Biometrics that has occurred throughout the years. Then there will the positive and negative effects of the new technologies on communication within the criminal justice system. Finally, I will discuss which new specialized techniques that I might use and why. Biometrics History

Technology affects our life daily, and it also affects the criminal justice system, especially in communication. The criminal justice system has different databases do to technology, and these databases operate faster than it would take humans could do. So, the biometrics technologies can measure and analyze the human body characteristics such as fingerprints, eye retinas and irises, voice patterns, facial patterns and hand measurements. (Rouse, 2015) The Biometrics is another word for the specialized database it has been around for hundreds of years and provided through the new technology over the years. The Biometric history back dates to 1858 when the first systematic capture of hand images for identification purpose was record. In 1992, the United States established the Biometric Consortium and in 2003 the formal U.S. Government coordination of Biometric activities began. Then in 2005 the Iris on the Move was announced at the Biometric Consortium Conference. Throughout the years many different changes and developments occurred. I have listed all the Biometrics history that associated with facial recognition, AFIS, and Iris Scan, which are: AFIS

Facial Recognition
Iris Scan
1892 Mr. Galton develops a classification system for fingerprints 1896 Henry develops a fingerprint classification system
1903 New York State Prison began using fingerprints
1969 The FBI pushed to make fingerprint recognition an automated process 1994 Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System (IAFIS) completion was held 1999 The FBI’s IAFIS major components became operational

2013 Apple includes fingerprint scanners into consumer-targeted smartphones (Biometric Update) 1960 Face recognition became semi-automated
1970 Face Recognition takes another step towards automation
1988 The first semi-automated facial recognition system was deployed and Eigenface technique is developed for face recognition 1991Face detection is pioneered, making face recognition possible 1993 FacE Recognition Technology (FERET) program is initiated 2000 The first Face Recognition Vendor Test (FRVT 2000) was held 2001 In Tampa, Florida used the face recognition at the Super Bowl 2004 The Face Recognition Grand Challenge began

1936 The concept of using the Iris pattern for identification was proposed 1993 The development of the Iris prototype unit began
1994 The first Iris recognition algorithm is patented
1995 Iris prototype became available as a commercial product 2005 US patent on iris recognition concept expired (Biometrics Gov.)

Biometrics Comparison
In this section will provide the definition of the following specialized databases. The Automatic Fingerprint Identification System or AFIS is define as computerized software is used to analyze digitized images of an individual fingerprints and compare them to other images that is stored on a database, in search of a potential exact or partial match. Then the Facial Recognition Software is a computer scan with the ability to scan, store, and recognize human faces and used to identify people. Finally, the Iris Scan is an...

References: (2015) Biometrics Research Group, Inc., History of Biometric Update http://www.biometricupdate.com/201501/history-of-biometrics
Rouse, Margaret (2015) Search Security Biometrics, http://searchsecurity.techtarget.com/definition/biometrics
(2006) NSTC Subcommittee on Biometrics, Biometrics History, Page 1-27, http://www.biometrics.gov/documents/biohistory.pdf
(2015) PBWORKS, Biometrics Comparison of the Advantages and Disadvantages of technologies, http://biometrics.pbworks.com/w/page/14811349/Advantages%20and%20disadvantages%20of%20technologies#Facialrecognition
(2015) Iridian Technologies, Biometric Comparison Guide, Pages 3-7 https://epic.org/privacy/surveillance/spotlight/1005/irid_guide.pdf
Dowden, John (2015), Evidence Technology Magazine, Facial Recognition: The most “Natural” Forensic Technology, http://www.evidencemagazine.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1344
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