Classical Period In The Development Of World Sociology

Topics: Sociology, Max Weber, Émile Durkheim Pages: 16 (4792 words) Published: March 19, 2015

Theme: Classical period in the development of world sociology 19th - early 20th century

1. Formation and development of classical sociology4
2. The main directions and representatives of classical sociology6 2.1 Naturalism: Herbert Spencer6
2.2 Positivism: Auguste Comte6
2.3 Sociology: Durkheim8
4. Sociological Method9
5. Ideal types of social action11
5.1 Sociology domination13
5.2 Sociology of Religion14
List of sources17

Relevance of the work lies in the fact that the classical stage in the development of sociology it is the very appearance of sociology. And is the founder of modern sociology. Objective: is to study the classical period in the development of sociology In the evolution of ideas about society can be divided into three periods: the pre-scientific, classical and modern. Prescientific period of development sociology - the most significant time: III millennium BC. e. - XVIII century. n. e. The first and fairly complete picture of the structure of society gave the ancient philosophers Plato and Aristotle. Then came a very long, stretching for two thousand years, the historical pause before there were outstanding scientists and thinkers (Machiavelli, Hobbes, Bacon, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, A. Helvetius, Kant and many others) who are seriously enriched our knowledge about society and human behavior. Finally, in H1Hv. actually born sociology, which incorporates the best achievements of human thought about society and, in particular through the use of scientific methods, advancing our knowledge further. Among the creators of scientific sociology stand Comte, Marx, Durkheim and Weber. With them open their own research period in the history of sociology. Another chronology sociology offered the famous American sociologist Alvin Gouldner in his book "The Coming Crisis of Western Sociology." He immediately starts counting from the nineteenth century., And the resulting length of time breaks down into 4 periods. The first period is called the sociological positivism. It began in the first quarter of the nineteenth century. and shaped by the ideas of Saint-Simon and Comte. The second period is called Marxism. The flowering is in the middle of the nineteenth century. In Marxism, German idealist philosophy organically united with the French utopian socialism and English political economy. Third period - classical sociology - served as a bridge between the previous two and fourth periods. At this time, were created classical teachings of Max Weber, Emile Durkheim and Pareto. It lasted until the First World War. The fourth period was marked by the dominance of parsonovskogo structural functionalism. In the 30 years of the twentieth century, T. Parsons has created a fundamental sociological theory, certain provisions of which were developed in the future a group of young colleagues Parsons at Harvard: Robert Merton, K. Davis, W. Moore, R. Williams et al. Thus, the classical period in the development of sociology can start with the activities of Comte and the French sociological school, and it is possible, as it makes Gouldner, attribute it to postkontovskomu period, ie by the end of XIX - early XX century. 1. Formation and development of classical sociology

Sociology as a science separated from the philosophy, and the term "sociology" (from the Latin. Societas - Society and Greek. Logos - teaching) was introduced in 1842 by the French philosopher Auguste Comte (1798-1857) in his work "The course of positive philosophy" that and is the official fact of the appearance of this science. Since the XV-XVI centuries. in society began to form intensively capitalist relations, and together with them and the accompanying social contradictions, almost all thinkers XVII-XVIII centuries. criticized the emerging system and attempted to comprehend the truth and finding the means of movement for justice....
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