Classical Conditioning

Topics: Classical conditioning, Ivan Pavlov, Behaviorism Pages: 3 (948 words) Published: December 18, 2012
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Classical Conditioning |
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Markeda Shipman|
7/15/2012|

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Introduction
When we think of classical conditioning we think of Ivan Pavlov. Ivan Pavlov discovered classical conditioning, during 1904 when he began studying the digestion of dogs. Ivan Pavlov is one of the most remarkable men that came up with theories so that we are able to understand what is going on in the world of psychology today. Classical conditioning is one of the theories that will always be brought up in the field of psychology. As we ask ourselves, what are classical conditioning, and the theories behind classical conditioning? Classical conditioning theory

The theory of classical conditioning is broken down into a three step learning procedure which involves reflexes. The Pavlovian (classical conditioning) consists of unconditioned stimulus (US), “which elicits a natural and automatic response from the organism, unconditioned response (UR), which is a natural and automatic response elicited by the (US), and conditioned stimulus (CS), which is a neutral stimulus in that it does not elicit a natural and automatic response from the organism. When all of these ingredients are mixed in a desired way conditioned response (CR) is occurs” (Olson, Hergenhahn, 2009). When trying to produce a conditioned response, the conditioned stimulus and the unconditioned stimulus are paired several times. “First the CS is presented and then the US, and the order of presentation is very important. Each time the US occurs, a UR occurs. Eventually the CS can be presented alone, and it will elicit a response similar to the UR; when this happens, a CR has been demonstrated” (Olson, Hergenhahn, 2009). Ivan Pavlov discovered these terms when studying his dogs when he brought out the meat and began seeing the dogs began to salivate whenever they saw food being brought out to them. As he took his experiment further he added bells to see what that would do to the dogs, “the sound, of course,...

References: Matthew H. Olson, B. R. Hergenhahn, (2009), An Introduction to Theories of Learning, Eighth Edition
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