unit 8 p1

Topics: Classical conditioning, Psychology, Behaviorism / Pages: 5 (1327 words) / Published: May 24th, 2015
P1
Introduction: in this assignment I will be explaining the main six psychological perspectives to health and social care.
The main six psychological perspectives:
The behaviourist perspective
Social learning theory
The psychodynamic approach
The humanistic approach
The cognitive/information processing perspective
The biological perspective
The behaviourist perspective:
The main key to understanding the behaviourist perspective is that we can understand any type of behaviour by looking at what the person has learned. Behaviourist psychologists explain all behaviours through experience, the two main psychologist’s associated with this perspective were, Pavlov and Skinner. Both theorists had two different processes involved, but they both explained that all types of behaviour is a result of learning, this being through, shyness, aggression, happiness and depression.
Classical conditioning:
Classical conditioning was developed by Ivan Pavlov 1849-1963, Pavlov worked with dogs to see how their digestive systems worked, Pavlov attached the dogs to a harness and he attached monitors to their stomachs and mouths so he could measure the rate of salivation, he noticed that when an assistant entered the room with food the dog would begin to salivate. Pavlov speculated that the dog was salivating because it had learned to associate with the assistant when the assistant was bringing food. This was when Pavlov developed his theory, food automatically led to the dog salivating, he then called this an unconditioned response. Pavlov then gave the dog food when the bell was rang to see if the dog would associate food with the bell. After a few trials the dog learnt that the bell was associated with the bell, eventually the dog began to salivate when the bell was rang without food. This was then named the conditioned response of salivation to the conditioned stimulus of the bell.

Operant conditioning:
Operant conditioning was developed by Frederic Skinner 1904-1990,

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