Civil Rights Notes

Topics: Martin Luther King, Jr., Lyndon B. Johnson, African American Pages: 2 (800 words) Published: September 15, 2013
Taylor Brinkley
Black Power- Defined as, “a call for black people to begin to define their own goals.” It was made to try to get African Americans to try their best to obtain freedom. Martin Luther King Jr. disliked what they were doing because he said it would cause violence. Sit-Ins- A group of students went to eat at a white lunch counter. They refused to leave until they were served. It sparked many other cases of people doing this. Store owners raised prices and removed counter seats but they still continued doing sit-ins. Many were beaten and threatened, but they remained peaceful and did not retaliate. This helped with the desegregation in restaurants. Voting Rights Act of 1965- Based on the 15th Amendment, it stopped the discrimination in voting. People could no longer be denied the right to vote if they were African American. It got rid of literacy tests and stated that federal examiners could enroll voters who had been denied suffrage by local officials. Little Rock Nine- The Little Rock Nine were nine African American students who went to a white school to start the desegregation in schools. The school was later shut down, but they paved the way for desegregation in all schools. Black Panthers- A political party formed in California by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale. It was created to fight the police brutality in the ghettos. The party advocated African American communities and provided employment and housing. They also believed that blacks should be exempt from military drafting because they were drafted a lot in the Vietnam War. They preached self-defense and many attacked police men. Freedom Riders- James Peck, a white civil rights activist, went with other people on a bus tour in the South. They traveled to Supreme Courts and tested their decisions in hope of a violent reaction so that Kennedy would have to intervene. Brown vs. Board of Education- An African American child had to walk 21 blocks to the nearest school for African Americans, while a...
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