The Evolving Stance of Segregation
In Plessy v Ferguson the court ruled that segregation was constitutional so long as the provided separate facilities were equal. For the next fifty eight years, states created laws that supported their own policies of segregation. Known as Jim Crow Laws, these laws continued to discriminate against African Americans across nation. It was not until 1954 when the case
Brown v Board of Education when the court reached a decision to overturn segregation and ruled unconstitutional. In 1890, the state of Louisiana passed a law (the Separate Car Act) that required separate …show more content…
Board of Education, Linda Brown was an African American student in the Topeka, Kansas school district. Every day she and her sister, Terry Lynn, had to walk through the Rock Island Railroad Switchyard to get to the bus stop for the ride to their school. Linda Brown tried to gain admission to a school near her home but her application was denied because of her race. Her father
Oliver Brown, had sued the school system in Topeka arguing that the school his daughter went to, which had only AfricanAmerican students, had to be equal to the school that only white Americans went to. Further, Brown alleged, the school system was discriminating against AfricanAmerican students in violation of the 14th
Amendment, which granted all Americans the right to equal protection and, by extension, the right to an equal education.
The court denied that there was any violation of Brown's rights because of the "separate but equal" doctrine established in the Supreme Court's 1896 Plessy decision. The court claimed the schools for whites and blacks were substantially equal. The Browns appealed their case to the
Supreme Court of the United States, claiming that the segregated schools were not equal