United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child 1989/1991 o
Children Act 1989/2004
Childcare Act 2006
Every Child Matters 2004
Disability Discrimination Act 1995
E2. Children Act 2004 - This Act was introduced as a result of the death of Victoria Climbie and was the introduction of 'Every Child Matters' which ensures the wellbeing of children through its five outcomes. The Every Child Matters framework has influenced settings by giving them and other childcare settings a duty to find new ways of working together by sharing information and working co-operatively to protect children from harm.
Children Act 1989 has influenced setting by bringing together several sets of guidance and provided the foundation for many of the standards practitioners adhere to and maintain when working with children. The Act requires that settings work together in the best interests of the child and that they form partnerships with parents and carers. It requires settings to have an appropriate adult: child ratios and policies and procedures on child protection. This Act has an influence in all areas of practice within setting. For example; planning.
Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (DDA 1995)- The DDA states: “settings are required to make reasonable adjustments by either changing policy, providing alternative ways to access a provision, or by addressing physical features which make a service impossible or unreasonably difficult for disabled people to use.” (www.hse.gov.uk/disability/law.htm) This means that settings must make their provision more accessible. For example; by having downstairs toilets, wider doors and ramps to the front doors.
UNCRC influences practice as it informs practitioners about having a responsibility to ensure that the rights are met. Practitioners need to plan with the best interests of the children first, and ensure that they take account of diversity and inclusion with the resources they provide.
Every Child Matters influences practice as it pushes different agencies to work together to ensure the needs are achieved, and to ensure the appropriate programmes are put in place. This starts in nurseries because children are more likely to be engaged in learning later in their school life if they are exposed to high-quality play and books as early as possible, and grow up well-fed, active and healthy. Schemes offer a wide range of services such as family support, advice on nurturing, health services and early learning. E3. In all childcare settings staff must follow ratio’s these are important because they keep the children safe and take pressure off the childcare worker. The outings policy ensures that the number of staff to children must go up when taking the children out of the setting, and risk assessments must take place regularly and before you take the children on a trip or out of the setting. The accident reporting policy states that all staff should be trained to prevent and mange injuries and know how to document and record incidents when they happen, even if it is a minor accident such as a cut or graze. The health and safety policy covers most areas in keeping children safe it is in place to make children, parents and staff aware of health and safety issues and to minimise the hazards and risks to enable the children to thrive in a healthy and safe environment. (www.thechildcarecentre.co.uk) The safeguarding policy states why the setting has a responsibility to safeguard children it is a legal requirement by the EYFS. Practitioners must be selected an tested and have a detailed induction also an open door policy must be in place and parents should be aware of the settings safeguarding responsibilities and that all staff no matter what their roll should attend training every two/three years. A whistleblowing policy has to be in place in all settings it means that a worker can report things that aren’t right or illegal or if anyone is neglecting their duties such as a...
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