Chapter 14 Study Guide
AP EUROPEAN HISTORY – LOS ALTOS HIGH SCHOOL MCKAY – CHAPTER 14
STUDY GUIDE – 25 pts.
“Reform and Renewal in the Christian Church” (ce 1470 – 1590)
Study Guides will be scored HOLISTICALLY using the following criteria:
STUDENT’S ORIGINAL SCHOLARSHIP ONLY!! (that means DO YOUR OWN WORK – do not work with someone else!)
FINAL PRODUCT MUST REPRESENT PRIDE OF EFFORT & SCHOLARSHIP (that means DO YOUR BEST WORK – your name is on the final product; it reflects who you are)
Correctness, thoroughness, and thoughtfulness of responses
TIMELINE must be comprehensively completed
Mapping activities must be completed neatly using COLOR with a KEY
A great religious upheaval called the Protestant Reformation ended in the centuries-long religious unity of Europe and resulted in a number of important political changes. In the sixteenth century, cries for reform were nothing new, but this time they resulted in revolution. There were a number of signs of disorder within the church, pointing to the need for moral and administrative reform. For example, it was the granting of indulgences that propelled Martin Luther into the movement for doctrinal change in the church. Luther had comes to the conclusion that salvation could not come by good works or indulgences, but only through faith. This was to be one of the fundamental tenets of Protestantism and one of the ideas that pushed Luther and the German nobility to revolt against not only Rome but Rome’s secular ally, the Holy Roman Emperor.
It is important to recognize that Luther’s challenge to the authority of the church and to the Catholic unity in Europe invited and supported an attack on the emperor by the German nobility. The pope and the emperor, as separate powers and allies, represented religious and political unity and conformity in Germany. Thus, the victory of