July 11, 2011
Care Theory Compare and Contrast Paper
Jean Watson’s Theory of human caring is based on transpersonal relationships and developing a caring environment that offers the development potential while allowing the person to choose the best course of action. Through interactions with others we learn how to recognize ourselves in others. Watson believes that through these interactions humanity is preserved. John Paley’s article A Slave Morality: Nietzchean themes in nursing ethics criticizes Watson’s theory that caring is central to nursing. The purpose of this paper is to compare and contrast John Paley’s article to Jean Watson’s Commentary on Shattle M (2004) Nurse-patient interaction: A review of the literature. A discussion of Watson’s background and care theory; John Paley’s background, and a brief discussion Friedich Nietzschen’s major philosophical beliefs.
Jean Watson’s background Jean Watson was born in West Virginia in 1940. She graduated from the University of Colorado where she earned her BSN, MS, and in 1973 her PhD. Dr. Watson is widely published and has received many awards and honors. She is a distinguished professor of nursing and endowed chair in Caring Health Science. She is also a fellow at the American Academy of nursing. Watson’s research specialized in loss and human caring. She developed the Theory of Transpersonal Caring, which is also referred to as The Caring Model in the late 1970’s. Her theory evolved over many years, but the principles have remained the same: to combine human caring with the knowledge of science.
Jean Watson’s Care Theory
Watson’s theory had four major concepts. She believed human beings are to be valued, respected, understood, nurtured, and cared for. Watson added three elements to the WHO definition of “health”: a patient will experience a high level of functioning, absence of illness, and can perform activities of daily living at an
References: Current Nursing. (2011). Jean Watson 's philosophy of nursing. Retrieved from http://currentnursing.com/nursing_theory/Watson.html Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. (2009). Friedrich Nietzsche. Retrieved from http://www.iep.utm.edu/nietzsch/ Paley,J. (2002). Caring as a slave morality: Nietzschean themes in nursing ethics. Journal of Advanced Nursing, Oct; 40(1): 25-35. University of Stirling. (n.d.). School of Nursing, Midwifery and Health. Retrieved from http://www.nm.stir.ac.uk/people/john-paley.php Watson, J. (1999). Nursing: Human science and human care, a theory of nursing. Sunbury, MA: NLN Press, Jones and Bartlett. Watson, J. (2005, April). Commentary on Shattell M (2004) Nurse–patient interaction: A review of the literature. Journal of Clinical Nursing 13, 714–722. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 14(4), 530-532.