1) A fixed mindset is when a person believes that you are born with your intelligence and cannot improve it. A fixed mindset cares how intelligent they appear to others and will give up if it makes them feel inadequate. 2) a) Students with a fixed mindset believe that if you worked hard it meant that you didn’t have ability, and that things would just come naturally to you if you did. b) After a setback, students with a fixed mindset were more likely to say that they would feel dumb, study less next time, and seriously consider cheating. c) Students with a fixed mindset care so much about how smart they will appear that they often reject learning opportunities, even ones that are critical to their success. 3)
A growth mindset is when a person believes that their intelligence can grow with effort and education. People with a growth mindset confront their challenges, learn from their mistakes, and persevere in the face of setbacks. 4)
a) Student with a growth mindset are much more interested in learning than in than in just looking smart in school.
b) These students also have a very straightforward idea of effort, the idea that the harder you work, the more your ability will grow and that even geniuses have had to work hard for their accomplishments.
c) After a setback, students with a growth mindset would simply study more or study differently the next time. 5)
From their experiment, they discovered that the children who were praised for their intelligence did not want to learn. When they were offered a challenging task that they could learn from, the majority wanted an easier one where they could avoid making mistakes. The children who were praised for their intelligence also lost their confidence as soon as the problems got more difficult. They lost their enjoyment and their performance plummeted. The children who were praised for their effort wanted a task they could learn from. They maintained their confidence, their motivation,...
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