Care in the community is where a patient is no longer detained nor sectioned within a hospital institution. However, there must be at least three practitioners agreeing that it is necessary for the patient to be released into the community.
Adults who may suffer from mental health problems can ask to be cared for within the community. Patients and their families are now more educated with a sense of empowerment which has enabled patients to move into the community. Families can now judge their relatives quality of care and adults can now manage their own health, this is called patient centred.
Previous research has shown that 25% of patients have a mental condition. In fact, care in the community represented the biggest political change in mental healthcare in the history of the NHS. The decline of mental health hospitals such as asylums has been the main reason in which more people are going into the community. Asylums were large institutions were patients were kept detained, usually a location away from their local community. Asylums provided patients with certain treatments which can be seen as traumatic these included; electro-convulsive therapy and hospitalisation. These asylums have gradually been closed down as care in the community has became more and more popular.
Care in the community is particularly liked by patients and their families as it is outside and away from these institutions. There is also an advantage that community care is cheaper than hospital care. Families can be informal carers towards their loved ones ensuring better quality of care as mentally ill patients are the most vulnerable in the health field. They can make sure that the adult is being treated with respect and is receiving effective quality of care. This means, daily visits to provide medication or just to see how they are. The family member can be an Advocate.
However, when an adult is