The different ways a person reacts to in different situations and interacts with others. Most of the times we measure personality in traits a person displays. Measuring personalities has been done in the past by various people. The Big Five are broad dimensions or categories in a hierarchical sense, such that they encompass a lot without detail. We lose information, and while the Big Five factors provide useful personality descriptors they are somewhat less useful at predicting specific behaviors. So a researcher chooses a hierarchical level of analysis suited to the research being conducted. Some researchers such as Norman, Goldberg and Costa and McCrae, have developed middle level categories that provide more description or are less abstract. The Big Five" model is a personality theory that describes personality using five basic traits. MEASURING PERSONALITY
A personality test is a structured technique used to generate a sample of behavior. This sample is then used to make inferences about the attributes of people who have been tested. Tests measure several aspects of a person, from intelligence, abilities, and interests to aspects like self esteem and emotional stability. The personality test measures aspects of individual which differentiate them from others and makes them unique. They also permit a comparison between individuals. A test is based on research and theories. They are valid and reliable and standardized. The managers use these tests through surveys and this helps them choose people while hiring. There are three main ways of measuring personality: 1.
Self report surveys
BIG FIVE PERSONALITY FACTORS
Openness to experience, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism make up this theory, an easy way to remember this is with the acronym OCEAN. The five big personality tests measure intensity of your behaviors in these five areas. Descriptions of these factors shall help you to understand why different careers are related with different degrees of your behaviors. Why selection of certain options in paper pencil test can qualify you for certain jobs and disqualify for the others.
Openness is a general appreciation for art, emotion, adventure, unusual ideas, imagination, curiosity, and variety of experience. The trait distinguishes imaginative people from down-to-earth, conventional people. People who are open to experience are intellectually curious, appreciative of art, and sensitive to beauty. They tend to be, compared to closed people, more creative and more aware of their feelings. They are more likely to hold unconventional beliefs. People with low scores on openness tend to have more conventional, traditional interests. They prefer the plain, straightforward, and obvious over the complex, ambiguous, and subtle. They may regard the arts and sciences with suspicion or even view these endeavors as uninteresting.
You qualify to be counted as original, creative and curious. You believe that change is more than essential for social evolution. You love revolutions. You enjoy complexities of things and strive to find out their solutions. You can handle new systems, technologies and tools with great ease. You always build a big picture but tend to ignore vital details. You are considered suitable for the careers where a lot of creativity, novelty and originality are involved.
The five factor model of personality qualifies you as a resistant to change. You are traditional. You love peaceful environment, secure jobs and serene family life. You spend a lot of time on details. You can execute plans very well. However, you are not a good planner. Your focus on details may cause you to ignore big picture. You accept change only when there is no way out. The careers where rules and regulations are to be followed very strictly are considered suitable for you. You can prove a good...
References: 1. Organizational Behavior by Stephen Robbins, Timothy A Judge and Seema Sanghi
Please join StudyMode to read the full document