Both the Battle of Stalingrad and the Russian campaign are commonly considered ‘turning points’ when it comes to the Allied victory in the European War. However, before proceeding further in this report it is important to acknowledge the fact that the Battle of Stalingrad and the Russian campaign alone did not lead to the Allied victory. But, nonetheless, they were both incredibly significant contributors.
OPERATION BARBAROSSA: “When the attack on Russia starts the world will hold its breath.” Hitler (Trueman)
A major event which ultimately led to the Battle of Stalingrad and a consequent Allied Victory was launched on the 22nd of June, 1941. It was Operation Barbarossa. Launched by Germany onto the Soviet Union, it is commonly believed that Operation Barbarossa was the largest military attack to occur within World War Two. Under Operation Barbarossa over 3 000 000 German troops and 3 500 German tanks were split into three organised, armies. These armies were specifically assigned to attack three different areas within Russia (these areas were Leningrad, Moscow and Kiev). However, Operation Barbarossa was a failure as Hitler had underestimated both the resources and the determination of which the Soviet Union possessed. And, although the German Nazi Party succeeded in the capturing and conquering the city of Kiev they were unsuccessful in capturing Leningrad and Moscow.
If the German Army had succeeded in conquering all three cities of Leningrad, Moscow and Kiev the fate of the European War as a whole would have been completely different. But, it was through the success of the Russian defensive that Hitler was forced to alter his initial plans.
THE BATTLE OF STALINGRAD:
Fought between the August of 1942 and February of 1943 the Battle of Stalingrad saw Nazi Germany and its allies fight against the