Topics: Plastic, Collagen, Fish Pages: 75 (11617 words) Published: July 22, 2015

Background of the Study
For the past years, human society has struggled to come up with solutions for what to do with all the wastes in the environment. It is a dilemma that has grown only more exasperating. Plastics are one of the major dilemmas that we have. Although here in the Philippines, some places already banned the usage of plastic bags, we still noticed other things that are made of plastics that we just can’t take away from our system.

Plastic is the most convenient material man ever discovered due to its relatively cheapness, ease of manufacture, versatility, and imperviousness to water. It is an extremely useful material. Every household contains plastic in which it varies in sizes colors and uses. But plastics seemed to create a drastic effect. Because of the problem in supply in petroleums. Companies that makes plastic chairs tends to decrease the amount of resin in the mixture which result in low quality of the product. Its strength is lessened and so thus the quality, leaving the customers seek for more durable and stronger plastic chair that can also help minimize the use of petroleum-based materials. In response to this problem, the researchers seek to develop hard plastics that has a component from natural resources, such as fish scales, which contains collagen and act as a glue for more stronger bind.

Fish and fish products are consumed as food all over the world. With other seafoods, it provides the world's prime source of high-quality protein: 14–16 percent of the animal protein consumed worldwide. Over one billion people rely on fish as their primary source of animal protein. Fish, along with reptiles, have hard protective scales on their skin for protection. The outer body of many fish is covered with scales, which are part of the fish's integumentary system. The scales originate from the mesoderm (skin), and may be similar in structure to teeth. The squishy core of each scale is made from threads of a protein called collagen, and those threads are stacked on top of each other in a crisscross pattern.

The fishing industry generates several circumstances where many tons of fish scales are leftover. Scales are usually discarded wherever fish are caught and dressed. It is simply for fish’s protection and substantially useless for people. A waste indeed, but if this can be a source of plastics, there will be a help for waste reduction at the same time to lessen the fossil fuel consumption, more stronger output and a cheaper alternative from the usual plastic.

In addition, people tends to buy plastic chair that is hard, firm and can support their weight. They also purpose to experience comfortability that can last a long time. Biodegradable chair will never play its responsibility as a chair. Thus, maintaining its nonbiodegradability and add the uniqueness of the product will have a stronger impact to the market.

In this research study, we proposed to use bangus fish scales as a component in making a plastic chair that would be worthy for the community by being able to produce a plastic chairs that has the same quality as the one being sold in the market. And also to reduce the water pollution by converting the fish scale waste into a useful product.

Objective of the Study
General Objective
The primary objective of the study is to know the effectiveness of fish scales-based plastic chairs. Specific Objectives
Specifically our goal is to:
1. Test the properties of the experimental fish scales-based plastic chair: a. Texture Test
b. Flammability
c. Compressive Strength
2. Determine the impact of the fish scale-based plastic chair as compared to standard commercial plastic chairs. 3. Minimize the amount of wastes that causes environmental destruction. 4. Provide additional source of living to the community.

5. Teach the community on how to convert those waste of fish scales into a valuable plastic chair.

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