Automation of Weather Information ; Advantages of Automation; Aviation Meteorology

Topics: Air traffic control, Federal Aviation Administration, Radar Pages: 5 (1668 words) Published: December 14, 2010
Aviation Metrology Article Review

ABSTRACT
Accidents in an industry are very devastating, especially in aviation industry where accident can occur due to many factors. Technical failures, pilot error, crew mismanagement, weather related accidents etc. In a research conducted by NASA, weather was the factor in 21.3 % of total accidents that occurred from 1998-2003. In this review I will be covering how new technological development and research by leading aviation/aerospace agencies, aircraft manufactures, aerospace governing bodies and national weather organizations gave birth to new technology and information that can be used to prevent weather related problems. I will also shed some light on how the use automation can improve situational awareness. Together, these findings suggest that in up-coming years, a new generation of top class, highly sophisticated equipment will be used by industry people to prevent meteorological accidents for occurring. Keywords: aviation, safety, weather, turbulence, data link, cockpit systems.

Aviation has been a rapidly growing industry from the time it got started. Constant changes, up gradation and invention have been occurring from the time humans learned how to fly. New invention leads to the upgrading of older systems, like the C-130 Hercules an invention by Lockheed group being used in armed forced. It came into service in 1959, started of having round dial gauges. On November 10, 2010 Rockwell Collins announced glass cockpit upgrade is available for C-130. This new upgrades include Avionics, flight management systems and advanced digital weather radar upgrade (Dave, 2010). So upgrading provides not only an easier system to monitor but also a safer and more reliable system. The authors of this article provide valuable information on upcoming technological advancements that will be implemented in the aviation industry in the coming future. They have collected researched data from aerospace research organization like NASA, Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), aviation industry and the research community. In this article, the authors were specific about new technology that will be helping in preventing aviation weather related accidents. This article is targeted for aviation professionals working in air-taxi operations (part 135), commercial carriers (part 121), general aviation (part 91) which includes personal use, instructional, business etc. The author’s main message is about how the industry’s leaders and professionals are working to invent new technology that would in due course change the way we conduct our flying. This data published by the authors will affect mostly the commercial and charter aviation sector, and new procedures in pilot training. New pilots would have an advantage by learning these complicated systems before they can start working for airliners. The chief point of this article is the usage of data link with weather observatory and reporting systems. In-flight weather reporting systems linked with satellite communication and radar surveillance to provide weather information to on-ground personnel and other flight nearby. The authors relied on the research done by NASA, National Weather Service (NWS) and other research community with the help of Delta Airlines (DAL) and United Airlines (UAL) and aircraft manufacturers Boeing and Honeywell. Data-link is used in telecommunication for connecting one location to another for the purpose of transmitting and receiving digital information. In civil aviation, data-link is used to share information with aircraft and air traffic controller when the aircraft is far from the reach of airport’s radar and ATC communication. In the beginning of first generation systems, Boeing and Honeywell led the research along with NASA for implementing in-flight weather service and demonstrated with data link utilizing existing weather information. The FAA created Flight...

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David , Gosh. (2010). First c-130 featuring Rockwell Collins avionics upgrade delivered to the republic of Singapore air force. Cedar rapids, Iowa: Retrieved from http://www.rockwellcollins.com/news/page12680.html
Endsley, Mica R. (1996). Automation and situational awareness. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Retrieved from http://www.satechnologies.com/Papers/pdf/SA%26Auto-Chp.pdf
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Stough III, H. Paul, Watson, Jr., James F. & Jarrell, Michael A. (2006). New technologies for reducing aviation weather-related accidents, reference number 20060048302. Retrieved from http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/20060048302_2006250471.pdf
** (These were the citations used by the author Endsley Mica R. to cite his work)
Weiner, E.L. (1985). Cockpit automation: In need of a philosophy. Proceedings of the 1989 Behavioral Engineering Conference (pp 369-375). Warrendale, PA: Society of Automotive Engineers.
Weiner, E.L (1989). Human factors of advanced technology (“glass Cockpit”) transport aircraft (NASA contractor report No. 177528). Moffett Field, CA: NASA-Ames Research Centre.
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