Assignment

Topics: Employment, Occupational safety and health, International Labour Organization Pages: 10 (4181 words) Published: August 21, 2013
Table of Contents
QUESTION 1:2
A. How the employer – employee relationship is changing?2
1) The psychological contract3
2) Traditional psychological contract3
3) Transforming the psychological contract4
B - Why the employer – employee relationship is changing?4
1) Diverse Workforce4
2) Competition in the Business Environment5
3) Structure of Organization Change5
4) Technological changes6
QUESTION 26
A- Analyse critically the rationales that Facebook and McKinsey & Company emphasizes on offering different kind benefits to its employees.7
1) Different types of employees7
2) Employee’s satisfaction and company’s performance7
3) Public image8
4) Efficiency, effectiveness and productivity8
5) Retaining talents9
B- Discuss to what extent that Facebook & McKinsey has to be responsible to its employee’ wellbeing9
1) Health9
2) Safety10
3) Welfare10
CONCLUSION11
REFERENCES12

QUESTION 1: It is notable trend that relationship between employers and employees are changing? Critically evaluate and discuss what likely reasons of this change. According to Mathis and Jackson (2012) the relationship between managers and their employees must be handled efficiently if both the employees and the organization are to prosper together. Whether or not some of the workers are represented by union, activities related with employee health, safety, and security must be addressed in all organizations. To facilitate good employee relations, employee’s right must be addressed. It is important to develop, communicate, and update Human Resource Management policies and rules that managers and employees alike know what is expected. In some businesses, union and management relation must be addressed as well. A. How the employer – employee relationship is changing?

For over the past ten years, research done by Rodriguez, Green and Ree (2011), has shown that, the relationship between employers and employees has changed. According to Haniph (2012), the relationship is changing because the psychological contract has been broken. Apart from that, according to the International Labour Conference Provisional Record (2006), the employment relationship, it is stated in the report that the relationship takes the form of a “psychological contract” that describes what employee expect from the employment relationship. It includes the traditional version; organization expects their employees to contribute time, effort, skills, abilities and loyalty exchange for job security and opportunity for promotion. Today modern company’s needs are constantly changing. Organizations now require top performance and longer working hours but cannot provide job security. While, employees are looking for flexible working schedules, comfortable working conditions, greater autonomy, opportunities for training and development and performance related financial incentives. For Human Resource Management, the changes require planning for flexible staffing levels. 1) The psychological contract

According to Mathis and Jackson (2012), the long term economic health of most organizations depends on the effort of employees with the appropriate knowledge, skills and abilities. The concept that has been useful in the discussion of the employee’s relationship with the organizations is that of a psychological contract, which refers to the unwritten expectation that employers and employees have about the nature of their work relationship. Miles and Nathan (2011), “Bloomberg Business week”, stated that both tangible items (such as wages, benefits, employee productivity, and attendance) and intangible items (such as loyalty, fair treatment, and job security) are encompassed by psychological contract between employers and employees. Many employers may try to communicate their expectations through employee handbooks and policy manuals, but those materials are only part of the total “contractual” relationship. 2) Traditional...

References: Alfonso, S. (2005). Well-being at Work: A Cross-national Analysis of the Levels and Determinants of Job Satisfaction. The Journal of Socio-Economics.. Vol. 29, No. 6, pp. 517–538.
Bereau of labour Statistic (2012) Union Member’s Summary. [Online] Retrieved from: www.bls.gov/news. Realese/union2.nr0htm [Accessed on 29 June 2013]
Brown, J
Brown, R. (2006). The International Labour Conference Provisional Record [Online] Retrieved from: http://www.ilocarib.org.tt/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1073&Itemid=1168 [Accessed 29 June 2013]
Cheng, M., Wang, H
Currall. S, Towler. A, Judge, T. and Kohn, L. (2005). Pay Satisfaction and Organizational Outcomes. Personnel Psychol. Vol. 58, No. 3, pp. 613–640.
Employee Assistance Services. (2013) Lifeworks When Relationship Matter.[Online]. Retrieved from: http://www.lifeworks.com.au/eap.html [Assessed 30 June 2013].
Glassdoor
Haniph, M. (2012) How the Employer- Employee Relationship Has Permanently Change [Online]. Retrieved from: http://adage.com/article/talentworks/employer-employee-relationship-changed/138282 [Accessed 29 June 2013]
Holzer, H
Jones, T (2012). The Relationship between Employee & Manager [Online] Retrieved from: http://smallbusiness.chron.com/relationship-between-employee-manager-4879.html [Accesed on 8 July 2012]
Kosner, A
Kwod, L. (2013). McKinsey Tries to Recruit Mothers Who Left the Fold. [Online]. Retrieved from: http://www.ncwit.org/news/mckinsey-tries-recruit-mothers-who-left-fold [Accessed 29 June 2013].
Langen, Pri De. (2012). Screening Wellness. [Online]. Retrived from: http://www.hrmasia.com/resources/corporate-health/screening-wellness/144174/ [Assessed 28 June2013].
Mancesti, M
Mathis, L. O.C and Jackson, H. (2012). Human Resource Management Essential Perspectives. 5th ed. Cincinnati, Ohio. South Western Publication
McKinsey & Company
McKinsey & Company. (2013). Role: Associate. [Online]. Retrieved from: http://www.mckinsey.com/careers/roles/associate [Accessed 29 June 2013].
Miles (2012), Facts on the Relationship between Employee & Manager [Online] Retrieved from: http://smallbusiness.chron.com/relationship-between-employee-manager-4879.html [Accesed 29 June 2013]
Noelcke ,Liz (2012)
Peiris, R. (2012) Managing- Employer Relationship in a Competitive Business Environment. [Online]. Retrieved from: http://www.sundaytimes.lk/120108/BusinessTimes/bt10.htm [Accessed 29 June 2013]
Pushpendra, P
Rodriguez, G (2011) Employment Relationship [Online] Retrieved from: http://leadershipcenter.osu.edu/library/publications/leadership-discoveries/2003/november-2003-leading-generation-x [Accessed on 29 June 2013]
Roosevelt, T (2010)
Wayne, R. (2010). Human Resource Management. 11th ed. New Jersey. Pearson Publication.
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