Assignment #1 Public Administration- the Good, The Bad, The ugly William T. Thompson Prof. Neely PAD 500 Modern public Administration: Managing Public and nonprofit Organizations
To understand how to solve a problem, we must first understand what we are trying to fix. For example, can a carpenter without any medical experience repair a heart valve? Of course not, he or she must first obtain the proper education necessary to perform such a complex operation. The same can be said about the American education system. Throughout America’s history parents, educators, and government officials have been debating what changes must be implemented for American children to receive every opportunity possible to gain an education that will prepare them for the future. the one type of public policy the education system would be suited for is by way of distributive polices because “ of its most common form of government policy where it uses general tax revenues to provide benefits to individuals or groups, often by means of grants or subsidies and other educational assistance”(blanc,denhardt,denhardt,2014,pg.55). The educational system in our country has changed over the years to accommodate all students with special needs and learning disabilities’ will touch on two (2) positive programs and two (2) negative programs. The first would be special education inclusion. Inclusion means “improving learning for both classified and non-classified students, children learn to accept individual differences, develop new friendships, parent participation, and lastly it’s the law (turnbull, A. 2013)”. when teachers are properly trained they will notice when to implement the following modifications to their classrooms “provide a study guide or outline for new units, provide a study sheet to prepare for tests, provide a list of key words and concepts for daily lessons, orally and visually summarize each lesson’s key points, teach highlighting skills of critical information on worksheets” (turnbull, A. 2013). On the other hand, there is a downside to special education inclusion and those problems would be “the need for more research when determining the best technology to deal with the problem, the need to start doing a better job of training new teachers to serve all kids, and the redesign of teacher education programs (turnbull, a. 2013)”. the next policy modification is (ESL) English as a second language modifications are changes in courses, standards, test presentation, location, timing, scheduling, expectations, student response and/or other change which is deemed necessary to provide access for a student with a disability to participate in the course, standard or test, but which most critically does fundamentally alter or lower the standard or expectation for that student's participation in the course, standard or test. Over the last 10 years there have been an influcts of Hispanic and other ethnic groups coming into the United States. Modifying instruction is critical to (ESL) students’ success. Although I think it would be unfair to change lesson plans throughout the whole educational system. a few techniques I think would work is to “ assign students a bilingual or English speaking study buddy, allow for flexibility in the task assigned, reduce assignments and lastly give (ESL) students extra time to do work or complete projects” (rowlands,2013). The downside to (ESL) would be the hiring and training of bilingual speaking teachers and the money it would cost to implement programs to catch those students up with their English speaking classmates. The first negative policy modification would be the policy of (NCLB) no...
References: House, W. (n.d.). Reforming no child left behind. Retrieved on July 8, 2014, from http://www.whitehouse.gov/issues/education/k-12/reforming-no-child-left-behind
Rowlands, H. (2013, August). Modification Tips and Techniques for ESL Students. Retrieved on July 12, 2014, from http://www.scsk12.org/scs/subject-areas/esl/pdfs/hurleys-esl-modifications.pdf
Turnbull, A. (2013, January). Children with special educational needs. Retrieved on July 15, 2014 from http:// www.specialeducationbehaviormodification.com/
Russell, D. (2012, July). What is the role of the Federal Government in the policy making process? Retrieved on July12, 2014, from http://www.whitehouse.gov/our-government/legislative-branch
Ricciard, J. (2011) Retrieved July17, 2014, from http://www.seattleimplementation.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/Ricciardi-20111-achievinghuman-service-Outcomes-through-competency-based-training.pdf Behavioral modification
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