Assessment of Dengue Outbreak in Pandi

Topics: Aedes, Mosquito, Dengue fever Pages: 7 (2623 words) Published: August 6, 2013
Assessment of Dengue Outbreak in Pandi

Name of researcher:
Mark John P. Bayaban

Year and section:
4th year BSED-Biology

Teacher:
Mr. Orlino D. Rabago Jr.
CHAPTER 1
Introduction:
In our place here in Pinagkurtelan, one of the news that we’re hearing is the increasing case of Dengue Victims that bothers us as a people living in the place.
Based on the Department of Health (DOH) report they said that 16-percent spike in dengue cases in the country this year. There were already 51,597 cases recorded from Jan. 1 to July 14, according to the DOH National Epidemiology Center’s (NEC) dengue surveillance report. “This is 16.43 percent higher compared to the same period last year, which was 44, 315,” said the NEC. The number of deaths from the dengue virus also rose to 328, which is higher than the 293 cases recorded during the same period last year. Most of the cases centered in Metro Manila with 11,476. This was followed by Calabarzon with 7,265 and Central Luzon with 7,044.

I decided to choose this topic about Dengue because I am one of the Dengue victims here in Pandi last August of 2010, I chose to study this because I what to have an idea of how dengue fever strike the Pandienos and to make a positive way to lessen the rate of dengue here in Pandi. This research project is entitled “Assessment of Dengue Outbreak in Pandi” aims to answer the following: a) Thus the rate of Dengue in Pandi is increasing or decreasing? Hypothesis 1: (The Dengue cases here in Pandi are increasing because of the rainy season.) b) Thus the geographical location affects the rate of Dengue cases here in Pandi? Hypothesis 2: (Dengue cases most probably happened in the place where there were many trees and grasses.) c) Thus the sanitation of the environment affects the rate of Dengue cases here in Pandi? Hypothesis 3: (Most of the Dengue- carrying Mosquito lives in a dumped and isolated area.) d) What would be our action as a people of Pandi to lessen the rate of Dengue victims? Hypothesis 4: (The Dengue rate of a particular area depends on the way of living and the sanitation of the people on that place.) e)

This study will cover the rate of Dengue cases here in the town of Pandi and the data that I have gathered about the Dengue cases per Barangay was from the municipal Health Unit of Pandi Bulacan. Maybe most of us were not well versed about Dengue Fever, and here is the definition and brief background about Dengue and it came from World Health Organization report last November of 2012. Dengue is a mosquito-borne infection found in tropical and sub-tropical regions around the world. In recent years, transmission has increased predominantly in urban and semi-urban areas and has become a major international public health concern. Severe dengue (previously known as Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever) was first recognized in 1950s during dengue epidemics in the Philippines and Thailand. Today, severe dengue affects most Asian and Latin American countries and has become a leading cause of hospitalization and death among children in these regions. The Aedes aegypti mosquito is the primary vector of dengue. The virus is transmitted to humans through the bites of infected female mosquitoes. After virus incubation for 4–10 days, an infected mosquito is capable of transmitting the virus for the rest of its life. Infected humans are the main carriers and multipliers of the virus, serving as a source of the virus for uninfected mosquitoes. Patients who are already infected with the dengue virus can transmit the infection (for 4–5 days; maximum 12) via Aedes mosquitoes after their first symptoms appear. The Aedes aegypti mosquito lives in urban habitats and breeds mostly in man-made containers. Unlike other mosquitoes Aedes aegypti is a daytime feeder; its peak biting periods are early in the morning and in the evening before dusk. Female Ae. aegypti bites multiple people during each feeding period. Aedes albopictus, a secondary...
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